This page was last modified on 4 September 2015, at 14:12.

Belgium-French-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Belgium (French Community)

Contents

Belgium-French-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-French-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-French-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-French-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-French-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-French-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-French-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-French-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-French-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children under 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Programmes for Children over 2-3 years

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Organisation of Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Teaching and Learning in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Assessment in Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-French-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-French-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-French-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-French-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-French-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-French-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-French-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-French-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-French-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-French-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-French-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-French-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-French-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-French-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-French-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-French-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-French-Community:Legislation

Belgium-French-Community:Glossary

Given the institutional complexity described in 8.1, the political authorities have introduced transversal policies, and in particular the following initiatives:

• Working groups and joint meetings of the governments of the Community, the Walloon Region, the Brussels-Capital Region and the French Community Commission (Cocof) are organised on the subjects of employment, training and education. Structures are gradually being introduced to translate this desire for synergy into concrete form. Thus the skills centres (https://www.leforem.be/centres-de-competence.html) and the advanced technology centres (CTAs) (http://www.enseignement.be/index.php?page=25225&navi=400&rank_navi=400) are accessible to both pupils from qualification stream education and adults undergoing training.

• As part of efforts to strengthen the links between the world of business and vocational education and training structures, including social advancement education, a French-Language Professions and Qualifications Service (SFMQ) (http://www.sfmq.cfwb.be/index.php?id=1435) has been created (decree 30/04/2009). In concrete terms, the purpose of this change is to ensure that socio-economic actors, starting with the parties to social dialogue, can understand realities in the world of business, developments in that world, and its requirements in terms of skills and qualifications, and ultimately to ensure that those realities are taken into account when devising school or training curricula, so as to facilitate young people’s access to employment.

• A cooperation agreement between the Walloon Region, Cocof and the French Community has created a permanent adult literacy steering organisation (http://www.alpha-fle.be/index.php?id=alpha_accueil), whose main purpose is to investigate possibilities for bringing about improved coordination within this sector.

• A Skills Validation Consortium (http://www.cvdc.be/) has been established which brings together representatives of five public institutions for continuing vocational training – one falling within the competence of the French Community (social advancement), and the others within that of the Regions (Forem, Bruxelles Formation, IFAPME and SFPME).

The main thrusts of French-speaking Belgian policy on lifelong education and training are presented in particular in the declarations made by the various relevant governments on their entry into office. The July 2014 declarations extend and amplify the previous declarations and reinforce the synergies between power levels.

The 2014-2019 DPR (http://www.wallonie.be/sites/wallonie/files/publications/dpr_2014-2019.pdf) aims to strengthen training and guidance policies, particularly promising trades and trades in demand, to increase access to higher education and lifelong training, alternative pathways, develop certification for vocational training and the recognition and validation of skills.

From this viewpoint, the governments of Wallonia and the French Community adopted a Marshall Plan 4.0 (http://www.wallonie.be/sites/wallonie/files/pages/fichiers/pm4__complet_texte.pdf) on 29th May 2015, which will focus on specific devices. In training, the focus will be on the development of:

- dual vocational education as pathway of excellence (which includes the topic of internships in businesses, the status of the learner and the recognition of skills);

- The development of the learner’s orientation (particularly in developing living areas (http://gouvernement.wallonie.be/bassins-de-vie-enseignement-qualifiant-formation-emploi-c-est-sur-les-rails-1), the cities of business and strengthening "business tests");

- Facilitating access to higher education and training throughout life;

- Devices to strengthen the knowledge of foreign languages.

During the first half of 2015, within the general framework of the Youth Guarantee Scheme of the Brussels Capital Region (one of the 18 projects of the 2025 Strategy), a joint action plan between compulsory education departments and public services and the youth action of the Communities will be finalised to be operational at local level by the start of the 2015-2016 academic year at the latest.

Forming a compulsory part of a set of cross-sectoral (education, employment, youth information, staying on in school, middle-classes, etc.) and multi-level (European, Federal, Regional, Community, local) policies, the Youth Guarantee Scheme aims to help combat unemployment and underemployment in young people aged between 15 and 25 and to improve their skills (in a broad sense) with a view to their (re)entry into the labour market.

Beyond these general aims, the different categories of institution that provide adult education and training pursue specific goals, which in many cases are linked with the particular target group that they serve.