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Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

 

Centres for Adult Education (CAEs)

The associate degree programmes are higher education programmes and are run by Centres for Adult Education and university colleges; the only exception is the associate degree programme in nursing (previously offered in 4th stage VSE), which is only run by institutions for full-time secondary education.

Collaboration arrangements are of crucial importance. In terms of the organisation of higher-vocational education programmes, schools offering full-time secondary education, the centres for adult education or university colleges are free to collaborate with:

  • one or more educational institutions;
  • one or more public vocational-training providers for adults;
  • one or more sectors of the vocation at which the programmes are aimed;
  • companies or organisations.


University colleges and universities

Universities organise the academic Bachelor's programmes, Master's programmes, advanced Master's programmes and doctorates.

University colleges organise the professional Bachelor’s programmes and advanced Bachelor’s programmes; within an association with one university they also organise academic Bachelor’s programmes, Master’s and advanced Master’s programmes.

After extensive public discussion, the Flemish government decided in 2010 to integrate the academic university college programmes in the universities from the academic year 2013-2014. The decree of 13 July 2012 regulates the integration process. (See also 14.2-2.3). In academic year 2013-2014, higher education in Flanders will thus undergo thorough reform. From then on, only the universities will be able to offer academic programmes. The university colleges will only be able to offer professional Bachelor's programmes (and associate degrees), as they are to transfer their academic Bachelor’s and Master's programmes to the universities or integrate them in the universities.
The academic arts programmes constitute an exception to this integration process, as do the programmes offered by the Higher Maritime Institute.

  • The academic and professional arts programmes will be combined with the professional arts programmes (in the branches of study of media and visual arts, and music and performing arts) in schools of arts, linked with one or more university colleges.
  • The Higher Maritime Institute will also continue to offer both professional and academic programmes.

In practice, the integration will not initially lead to the physical relocation of these programmes. However, the universities will be responsible for, among other areas, teaching and research policy, quality assurance for teaching and research, personnel policy and the awarding of diplomas.

Schools of arts

The decree of 13 July 2012 also regulates the establishment of schools of arts at the university colleges, starting in academic year 2013-2014. These will be responsible for organising professional and academic arts programmes. Within the context of a school of arts, arts-related programmes can thus be organised (i.e. professional Bachelor's programmes in interior design, landscape and garden design, landscape development, and audiovisual techniques: film, TV, video and photography). They may represent up to 20% of the number of Bachelor's and Master's programmes organised within the school of arts. University colleges at least 80% of whose programmes already consist of Bachelor's and Master's programmes in the branches of study of media and visual arts and music and performing arts, or of arts-related Bachelor's and Master's programmes, may be simply regarded as a school of arts.
A school of arts has the following roles:

  • organising and providing higher vocational education, higher professional education and academic education in the branch of study media and visual arts or in the branch of study music and performing arts;
  • developing and practising the arts in these branches of study;
  • engaging in practice-oriented scientific research in relation to higher professional education in these branches of study;
  • engaging in research in the arts, in collaboration with a university;
  • providing social and scientific services, and transferring knowledge in order to boost the innovativeness of society and the economy.


Higher Maritime Institute

The Higher Maritime Institute in Antwerp offers HBO5 programmes in the branch of study nautical sciences leading to the associate degree, professional Bachelor's programmes leading to the degree of Bachelor, and academic Bachelor's and Master's programmes leading to the degrees of Bachelor and Master respectively.

Registered institutions for higher education

In Flanders, only institutions recognised by the Flemish government may award the degrees of Bachelor and Master. They consist of:

  • officially registered institutions
  • private registered institutions.

The officially registered institutions are institutions for higher education which were recognised by the authorities prior to 2004 and which can bank on government funding for their education and research. These institutions are listed in the Higher Education Register. [1]

They are:

  • the university colleges;
  • the universities;
  • the institutions for post-initial education, scientific research and scientific services:
    • the Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School
    • the Antwerp Management School
    • the Institute for Tropical Medicine
  • the other officially registered institutions:
    • the Faculty for Protestant Theology in Brussels
    • the Evangelical Theological Faculty in Heverlee.

One special institution is the Transnational University Limburg (tUL). This university was founded under a treaty between the Netherlands and Flanders and is therefore a bi-national institution. In Flanders, it is an officially registered institution.

The private 'registered institutionsfor higher education are all the private institutions which have successfully completed a registration process and have been officially registered by the Flemish Government. To that end, the programme(s) offered by these institutions must first have passed th'e new programmes test in the NVAO accreditation process before the institutions themselves undergo registration. Candidate institutions must also demonstrate that they are financially solvent and enter into a cooperation agreement with a university college or university, among other things to guarantee that students can complete their studies at the university college or university in question should this particular institution cease to operate. Following a successful outcome, the accredited Bachelor's and Master's programmes of the registered institutions are included in the Higher Education Register.

The private registered institutions include the Continental Theological Seminary, the College of Europe Bruges, Flanders Business School, Vesalius College, Inno.com, the University of Kent and the von KarmenInstituut for hydrodynamics.

Institutions which are not registered institutions for higher education belong to the strictly private education system, which in Flanders is not subject to statutory regulation, due to the constitutional principle of freedom of education.

Associations

An association is an official cooperation between one university and one or more university colleges. It has at least the following roles:

  • organising the collaboration and drawing closer ties between professional Bachelor's and academic programmes, including transfer possibilities and the development of learning pathways;
  • promoting the coordination of research, and more specifically of the bidirectional links between fundamental and applied research and of innovation;
  • logistical coordination in general;
  • preparing as a forum for the evolution towards an integrated higher education space.

In order to fulfil these roles, the institutions assign at least the following powers to the association:

  • arranging educational provision on a rational basis;
  • structuring learning pathways and improving possibilities for progression;
  • organising learning pathway guidance for students;
  • harmonising internal rules with regard to personnel policy;
  • drawing up a multi-year plan for educational renewal and improvement, for research and the provision of social and scientific services, for the mutual harmonisation of investments, infrastructure, and library and documentation facilities;
  • issuing a formal opinion on the provision of new Bachelor's or Master's programmes in an institution;
  • issuing a formal opinion on rationalisation plans.

There are 5 associations in Flanders. The Catholic University of Brussels is not affiliated to any association but does however work in close collaboration with the K.U.Leuven Association. The Transnational University Limburg (tUL) is a collaboration between the Maastricht University and the Hasselt University.

Hasselt.

Association
Univ.
No. of university colleges

KU LeuvenAssociation

KUL

12

Association of the University and University College of Antwerp

UA

4

University of Ghent Association

UG

3

Association of the University and University Colleges of Limburg

UH

2

University Association of Brussels

VUB

1


KUB

0


TUL

0

General total


22


Higher art education institutions

Management agreements have been entered into with the Higher Institutes and other institutions for Fine Arts. Such agreements have been made with the Orpheus Institute (Advanced studies & research in music) and HISK (Higher Institute for Fine Arts) for the period 2012-2016 and with P.A.R.T.S. (Performing Arts Research and Training Studios, founded in 1995 by Rosas dance company and the Belgian National Opera De Munt) for the period 2012-2017. For the Opera Studio Flanders and PoPok (post-university college for performing arts), the evaluation was not positive, and it has been decided to add an extension to the existing management agreement for the period 2007-2011, running for one year (2012).

An overview of all adresses in higher education is provided by the Department of Higher and Adult Education.