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Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

Curriculum, subjects, number of hours

Weekly timetables

In the school years of the second and third stage of secondary education the timetable consists of the subjects of the basic curriculum, a specific component (subjects inherent to the course of study) and possibly complementary subjects. An exception is formed by the third school year of the third stage of gse, tse and sea where no basic curriculum exists.

The government determines the subjects of the basic curriculum. Contrary to the first stage it does not link to a minimal number of weekly hours to be devoted to the basic curriculum. Next to the basic curriculum a school chooses itself the subjects which complete the weekly timetable. 

In the third stage (and exceptionally in the second stage) the realization of the weekly timetable can take place outside school, namely in the form of a work placement or other forms of work based learning. In these situations not only do the education regulations apply, but also various labour and welfare legal stipulations. The pupil is hereby confronted with a real labour situation. In all circumstances necessary contractual arrangements are made to make sure that the learning output prevails over the economic output. The government also facilitates these forms of education provision and launched the concept of dual learning from 2016, where the work-based component is brought even more into prominence.

Basic curriculum

The obligatory subjects of the basic curriculum in the first and second stage of secondary education are:

second stage gse

second stage tse and sea

philosophy of life 

philosophy of life 

Dutch

Dutch

French

French or English (first year)

English

French and English (second year)

mathematics

mathematics

(applied) natural sciences; or

physics and/or biology and/or chemistry (possibly integrated)

(applied) natural sciences; or

physics and/or biology and/or chemistry (possibly integrated)

history

history

geography

geography

physical education

physical education

 

third stage gse

third stage tse and sea

philosophy of life 

philosophy of life 

Dutch

Dutch

French

French or English (2)

English or German

mathematics

mathematics

(applied) natural sciences; or

physics and/or biology and/or chemistry

history

history

geography

geography

physical education

physical education

Fields of study and courses of study in the second and third stage of secondary education

The specific courses of study according to the structure are listed on the website of Flemish Education and by course of study in the annexes to circular letter SO 60:

Course of study:

  1. General Secondary Education (gse)
  2. Sports (gse, sea, tses)
  3. Car engineering (tse)
  4. Construction (tse)
  5. Chemistry (tse)
  6. Photography (tse)
  7. Glass techniques (tse)
  8. Graphical communication and media (tse)
  9. Commerce (tse)
  10. Woodwork (tse)
  11. Cooling and heating (tse)
  12. Agriculture and horticulture (tse)
  13. Personal hygiene (tse)
  14. Maritime programmes (tse)
  15. Mechanics-electricity (tse)
  16. Fashion (tse)
  17. Optics (tse)
  18. Orthopaedic techniques (tse)
  19. (People) Care (tse)
  20. Dental techniques (tse)
  21. Textiles (tse)
  22. Tourism (tse)
  23. Nutrition (tse)
  24. Ballet (sea)
  25. Visual arts (sea)
  26. Performing arts (sea)

Attainment targets

The government monitors the quality of education by laying down attainment targets by stage and type of education.

Attainment targets are minimum targets in the field of knowledge, insight, skills and attitudes. For mainstream secondary education they are laid down by stage and by type of secondary education.

Attainment targets contain the obligation to reach a certain result: they must be met by the pupil population in globo. For developmental objectives and attitudinal attainment targets applies the obligation to perform to the best of one’s ability.

In addition to subject-related there are also cross-curricular attainment targets and developmental objectives which must be strived for throughout the entire secondary education (and are thus not linked to a specific grade). These are minimum targets linked to various subjects or educational projects.

Specific attainment targets must guarantee the education quality of the specific part of a course of study. Specific attainment targets are targets with regard to competences, specific knowledge, insight and attitudes, which a students must have in order to start higher education. Specific attainment targets are thus linked to a course of study aimed at moving up to higher education and are developed from within a certain field of science.  

The attainment targets are listed on the website of the Flemish Government.

The attainment targets are throughout time adapted to a changing society. Currently a debate on attainment targets (see 14.2) has been round of as part of a process of updating the existing attainment targets.

Teaching methods and material

See first stage