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Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

Curriculum, subjects, number of hours

Weekly timetables

The timetable in the first stage of secondary education comprises the subjects of the basic curriculum with in addition:

  • in the first school year possibly an optional component;
  • in the second school year subjects specific to the basic optional subjects and possibly complementary subjects;
  • in the pre-vocational year subjects specific to the occupational field or the combination of two occupational fields and possible complementary subjects.

The complementary subjects belong to the autonomy of the school board.

Basic curriculum

The basic curriculum contains subjects which are determined by the government. Deviation is not possible.

First grade A
First Grade B
Second grade
Pre-vocational year
philosophy of life
philosophy of life
philosophy of life
philosophy of life
Dutch
Dutch
Dutch
Dutch
French
French
French
French
English (not obligatory)

English

mathematics
mathematics
mathematics
mathematics
natural sciences
natural sciences
natural sciences
natural sciences
history
social training or history and geography
history
social training or history and geography
geography

geography

arts education and/or musical education
arts education and/or musical education
arts education and/or musical education
arts education and/or musical education
physical education
physical education
physical education
physical education
technique
technique
technique

min. 27h/week
min. 27h/week
min. 24h/week

min. 16h/week














Basic optional subjects and occupational fields

A basic optional subject is a specific subject or specific group of subjects which allow(s) for a broader observation of the pupil. The pupil chooses for one (group of) basic optional subject(s).

An occupational field is a specific combination of technical disciplines. A pupil chooses either for one occupational field of at least 14 hours a week, or for a combination of two occupational fields of each at least 7 hours a week.

Second grade A
Pre-vocational year
Basic optional subject(s)
Occupational fields
agricultural techniques and bionics
construction (7)
arts education
decoration (7)
ballet
electircty (7)
construction and wood techniques
hair care (7)
creation and design
hotel-baking-butcher (14)
graphical communication and media
woodwork (7)
Greek-Latin
office and sales (7)
commerce
agriculture and horticulture (14)
hotel-nutrition
maritime programmes (14)
industrial sciences
metals (7)
Latin
fashion (7)
maritime techniques
industry (14)
mechanics-electricity
Rhine and inland navigation (7)
modern sciences
textiles (7)
Rudolf Steiner pedagogics
care-nutrition (7)
social and technical training

technique-sciences

textiles

top sport

Yeshiva

Attainment targets and developmental objectives

The government monitors the quality of education by laying down for the first stage attainment targets for the A-stream and developmental objectives for the B-stream. This applies only to the subjects of the basic curriculum, with the exception of the philosophy of life courses.

Attainment targets contain the obligation to reach a certain result: they must be met by the pupil population in globo. For developmental objectives and attitudinal attainment targets applies the obligation to perform to the best of one’s ability. Both attainment targets as well as developmental objectives are minimum targets in the field of knowledge, insight, skills and attitudes. For mainstream secondary education they are laid down by stage and by type of secondary education.

In addition to subject-related there are also cross-curricular attainment targets and developmental objectives which must be strived for throughout the entire secondary education (and are thus not linked to a specific grade). These are minimum targets linked to various subjects or educational projects.

For the reception year for non-Dutch speaking newcomers developmental objectives ‘Dutch for non-Dutch speaking newcomers’ have been laid down (see also 12.3.2.2).

The attainment targets are listed on the website of the Flemish Government.

The attainment targets are throughout time adapted to a changing society. Currently a debate on attainment targets (see 14.2) has been round of as part of a process of updating the existing attainment targets.

Teaching plan

A teaching plan is a document on which a teacher in the classroom practice must base the content of its courses. It contains organizational, pedagogical and didactical plans. The teaching plans must prior to their implementation be approved by the government. They are not applicable to the complementary subjects of a timetable.

Although every school governing board is entitled to develop a teaching plan this usually takes place as a form of service by the umbrella organisation with which a school board is affiliated. This centralized approach results in more uniformity in the teaching plans. The teaching plans must contain in an identifiable way the subject-related attainment targets and developmental objectives.

More information on the teaching plans is available on the Flemish education website.

Teaching methods and material

School governing boards can choose freely their teaching methods and materials. The concept of teaching methods contains various items, such as:

  • home work
  • extra muros activities (school excursions)
  • instructional methods
  • teaching materials
  • ...

For what concerns teaching materials schools are bound by the maximum charge.