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Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

 

Higher Vocational Education (HBO5, Associate Degree)

Higher vocational education was introduced on 1 September 2009.

Higher vocational education offers opportunities for pupils (referred to in these programmes as ‘trainees’) who, after their secondary education, wish to obtain a qualification at level 5 (in the Flemish and in the European framework, i.e. the European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning (EQF for LLL)) via programmes of between 90 and 120 credits. These programmes lead to an Associate Degree at qualification level 5. The programmes offered by the Centres for Adult Education last six semesters.

Higher vocational education also offers flexible learning paths possibilities to working people and job-seekers. It will therefore be possible to take short, flexible courses. Dual pathways will enable working people to obtain certain competences in the workplace.

Higher vocational education is also intended to provide a means of entry into a professionally oriented Bachelor’s programme; the programmes must therefore also guarantee follow-up pathways into the relevant Bachelor’s programmes.

The NVAO, the Dutch-Flemish Accreditation Organisation, has been designated as the accreditation body for these programmes too (Flemish Governmental Decision, 15 July 2011).

There will also be a register of programmes offered in higher vocational education.

(Parliamentary Act of 30 April 2009 on advanced secondary education and higher vocational education)

In 2012, the first level five vocational qualifications were recognised and the Flemish Government approved the first implementing decision relating to the parliamentary act on the Flemish Qualification Framework. This regulates the reference of their national qualifications level 5 to the appropriate level 5 of the European Qualifications Framework based on a set of criteria agreed at European level.

The nursing programme (HVE)

For the nursing programme, a structural conversion took place on 1 September 2009 from fourth stage VSE to higher vocational education. All nursing schools were admitted at this point to the experiment in the modularisation of vocational secondary education. This has been extended up to and including school year 2013-2014. (Circular SO/2008/04). The nursing programme has retained its minimum load of study of three years, in accordance with the European Directive 2005/36/EC.

Branches of Study

In higher vocational education in adult education, the previous categories have been replaced by five branches of study:

  • biotechnology,
  • health care,
  • commercial sciences and business management,
  • industrial sciences and technology,
  • social work.

The programmes are now organised on a modular basis.

Programme profiles

On 15 July 2008 the Flemish Minister of Education and Training agreed with the four pedagogical counselling services and the Flemish Support Centre for Adult Education [see 11.3.1.2] on a declaration of intent on the referential frameworks for the development of programme profiles in adult education. The declaration sets out which referential frameworks for adult basic education, secondary adult education and higher vocational education apply to the development of new programmes. The development of profiles for new programmes in adult education belongs since 1 January 2008 to the competence of a ‘Steering Group’ with four pedagogical counselling services and the Flemish Support Centre for Adult Education as members.

The profile of a higher vocational education programme must contain at least the following elements:

  • the minimum number of teaching periods;
  • the number of modules;
  • the number of teaching periods per module;
  • the distribution of recognised vocational qualifications and core competences among the modules in the programme.

Access and Admission Requirements

Holders of the following qualifications have access to higher vocational education in Flanders:

  • a certificate of the 2nd grade of the 3rd stage of secondary education;
  • a diploma of secondary education;
  • a certificate of a programme of secondary adult education of at least 900 teaching periods;
  • a foreign qualification which is recognised by Flemish law, Belgian law, a European directive or an international agreement as equivalent to one of the above mentioned diplomas.

Without these certificates, a trainee can also be admitted via an admission test organised by the institution (i.e. secondary school, Adult Education Centre or university college).

Curriculum

There are no curricula described by law, but the HVE nursing programmemust be consistent with the European Directive 2005/36/EC and the Belgian legislation concerning general nursing staff and the exercise of healthcare professions. The programme must therefore comprise at least 4,600 hours. In addition, since school year 2009-2010, educational institutions have had to require trainees to engage in at least four hours per week of programme-related personal activities (extra work placements, private study, dissertation, etc.) outside the weekly teaching timetable for the duration of the programme. The class council decides independently on the form and content of these activities. In the nursing programme, work experience placements may without exception be organised in accordance with the institution’s regulations; the prohibition in principle of work experience placements on Sundays, public holidays and at night does not apply here at all.

Teaching Methods

On-the-job learning is a required element of the HVE programmes. An explanatory memorandum has been drawn up about this.

Progression of Students

Orientation certificates are not issued in the HVE nursing programme. Students are admitted to a sequentially ordered unit in the programme through the possession of the modular certificate for the previous unit in the sequence, of a certificate of vocational competence or of a certificate that is regarded as sufficient by the class admissions council, or after taking an admission test graded by the class admissions council.

Employability

HVE also offers qualification possibilities to working people and job-seekers. It will therefore be possible to take short, flexible courses. Dual pathways will enable working people to obtain certain competences in the workplace.

HBO5 is also intended to provide a means of entry into a professional Bachelor’s programme; the programmes must therefore also guarantee follow-up pathways into the relevant Bachelor’s programmes.

Student assessment

This depends on the level of the coordinating institution with competence for the assessment. [see 7.1].

For the HVE nursing programme, the decision is made by the class deliberating council. Under certain conditions, the class deliberating council’s final decision on whether a trainee has passed or failed a module may be deferred (e.g. to allow for remedial work experience placements), and the pupil may proceed to the next module. Integrated tests are not organised.

In higher vocational education, a second assessment period can be organised.

Certification

This depends on the coordinating institution that is competent for certification.

The following certificates may be awarded by the organising institution for full-time secondary education after successfully following the HVE nursing programme:

  • a modular certificate for a successfully completed module;
  • a diploma of secondary education;
  • an Associate Degree. A Diploma Supplement is awarded with the qualification;
  • a certificate of business administration basics.

Certification for the nursing programme always takes place either on 31 January or on 30 June. In case a modular certificate is awarded after a deferred final decision, the actual award date is indicated.

The CAE awards various types of HVE qualifications:

  • a certificate confirming that a particular unit of a temporary modular programme has been completed successfully;
  • a modular certificate confirmig that a particular module has been completed successfully;
  • a certificate confirming that a modular programme or a programme of less than 900 teaching periods has been completed successfully;
  • a certificate confirming that the course 'business administration' in the branch of study 'commerce' has been completed successfully;
  • a diploma confirming that the courses of study have been followed succesffuly;
  • the qualification of teacher confirming that the specific teacher-training programmes offered by higher vocational education have been followed succesfully; 
  • an Associate Degree confirming that a programme offered at higher vocational educatin level, which comprises a minimum of 900 teaching periods and excluding specific teacher-training programmes has been successfully followed. A Diploma Supplement is automatically awarded with the Associate Degree.

Organisational Variation

Many programmes are also provided on a part-time basis.