This page was last modified on 10 February 2012, at 10:27.

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

Economic situation

Flanders is a prosperous region. In 2008, the gross domestic product (GDP) expressed in purchasing power parities (PPP) was estimated to be € 30,500. This excellent performance is due to Flanders' high labour productivity. One downside though is the relatively low employment rate (estimated at 62.4% in 2008). Until recently, Flanders was able to produce respectable growth figures but that picture is likely to change over the next few years as a result of the financial and economic crisis.

Just like in every developed economy, Flanders' tertiary sector is gradually becoming the most important sector. In comparison to our neighbouring countries though, the secondary sector still plays a relatively important role in Flanders. In contrast to our neighbours, Flanders also specialises in semi-finished products. In figures, the number of companies in Flanders is rising steadily (up and until 2008 at least). Yet, Flanders scores quite poorly in terms of new entrepreneurship. E-commerce is making steady inroads into the Flemish corporate world. Moreover, a relatively high number of people are employed in the knowledge-intensive sectors. But the turnover generated by new and/or added-value products and services is stagnating on the other hand.

Funds for research & development at the universities and university colleges increased from 350 million euro in 1995 to little over 1 billion euro in 2008. At the same time, funds for business research and development projects rose in 2007 and 2008 by 17 and 20 million euro respectively. The 2007 R&D intensity, which indicates how R&D investments (from private and public sources) fare in terms of GDP, amounted to 2.03% in the Flemish Region and to 2.06% in the Flemish Community.

In 2007, 66 in 100 Flemings of working age were effectively employed. Over the past 5 years, the employment rate grew slowly. Women account for the largest number in the labour-market participation rise. Their presence grew steadily from 53% in 1999 to 60% in 2007: this evolution coincides with the success part-time employment has enjoyed. In spite of the fairly impressive growth spurt between 1999 and 2007, labour-market participation by the older workforce, which stood at 34% in 2007, is and remains limited.

Shortages on the Flemish labour market deteriorated further but not as significantly. In 2008, there were on average 3 people unemployed for every vacancy as against 7 in 2004. People keep working longer. The employment rate for salaried workers rose to 54% in 2007. Among the self-employed, this figure is only 48%.

Agriculture is slowly becoming more sustainable. The number of farms and horticultural enterprises in relation to agricultural-land acreage continues to drop consistently which means that the remaining farms are steadily growing in size. Even the level of education among beginning farmers and horticulturists has risen sharply. No less than one quarter of beginners has followed university-college or university education.

(Source: Vrind 2009, Study Service of the Flemish Government)

In 2009, Flemish GDP fell by 3,3% due to the financial and economic crisis, representing the worst recession in the post-war period. The economy had already shown signs of weakening in late 2007. The problems in the financial sector led to considerable uncertainty about the intermediary role of the banking system. The consequence of this was lack of confidence in the financial condition of banks and businesses and a downturn in orders and investment. (Source Vrind 2010, Study Service of the Flemish Government. 


Qualified young people by gender in the Flemish Region

This indicator reflects the proportion of young people (20-24 years) that have at least completed upper secondary education successfully.

The proportion of Flemish 20- to 24-year-olds that completed upper secondary education was 86.6 percent in 2010. As is the case with early school-leavers, here too there is a considerable difference between males and females. The proportion of qualified males (84.5 percent) is significantly lower than that of qualified females (88.6 percent) in Flanders.

Definition: Participation in education is defined as the proportion of the population (aged 25-64 years) that participated during the four-week reference period in a programme in regular education, or who were not attending a programme in regular education, but were doing so outside regular education. Since 2006, students on vacation have been excluded from the definition.

Discussion: The tide has finally turned for lifelong learning. After falling for years, the level of participation in educational activities has finally started increasing again: from 7.4 percent in 2009 to 8.2 percent in 2010. Not all population groups participate in lifelong learning to the same extent. In Flanders, young people pursue education more than older people, the highly educated attend education more often than the poorly educated, and job-seekers also attend postgraduate studies more frequently than those who are working or who are economically inactive. Although an increase was noticeable within all groups between 2009 and 2010, that increase was particularly pronounced among the unemployed (+2.6 percent), 25- to 39-year-olds (+1.5 percent) and the highly educated (+1.2 percent). Older people, the poorly educated and the economically inactive remain heavily under-represented.

(Source: Werk.be)

Future pact for Flanders in 2020

The Flemish government and the social partners took the initiative in 2009 of concluding a new future pact for Flanders, with targets and actions for the period until 2020. Pact 2020 reflects the shared long-term vision, strategy and actions of the Flemish government and the social partners. The Flemish Reform Programme (VHP) (pdf / ), which was approved by the Flemish government in April 2011, contains a number of targets that Flanders plans to achieve in EU 2020. The targets of the VHP largely correspond to those in Pact 2020.