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Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

 

Young people can receive artistic training in PAE, part-time arts education. (See Continuing education – PAE ).

Pupils who are unable to go school due to sickness or disability can receive instruction via another branch of education.

Education is subsidised/ funded by the Flemish government in the:

  • hospital schools and preventoria (type 5 education)
  • children’s and young people’s psychiatric services (K services)

Educational activities can be organised in the place where the sick pupil is staying, by the school in which he/she is enrolled:

  • temporary education at home (TEAH)
  • synchronous internet education (SIE)
  • permanent education at home (PEAH).

Hospital schools and preventoria (educational type-5)

Hospital schools and preventoria (type 5 education) have existed for many years in Flanders. They exist at the level of elementary and/or secondary education:

  • The university hospitals of Antwerp, Ghent and Leuven have an elementary school and a secondary school.
  • The hospital of Vlezenbeek has an elementary school only; the hospital of Pulderbos has an elementary school and a secondary school.
  • The seaside preventorium in De Haan has both a Dutch-language and a French-language elementary school and a secondary school with a Dutch and French speaking offer.

The doctor and the hospital school assess the frequency and volume of the educational provision that the sick young person is capable of taking on. A pupil at a type 5-school remains registered at his or her usual school, which must inform the hospital school about matters such as the textbooks used, any points of attention regarding the pupils, the curriculum, etc.

The hospital schools with a secondary school only offer education branch 4, and the certificate of pupils coming from mainstream secondary education will therefore mention education branch 4.

For pupils to attend type-5 education, a medical certificate from the medical attendant is required. Hospital schools with a secondary school only offer type-4 education.

Synchronous Internet Education (SIE)

Through integrating IT and the use of new technologies in the educational learning process, an innovative concept emerges: synchronous Internet Education (SIE).

Internet technology enables long term and chronically ill pupils to connect with their school class, and makes it possible for them to stay in contact with their own teacher and classmates during their illness or recovery period at home. Through
Synchronous Internet Education it has become possible for children, who are physically not capable of being present in class, to participate virtually in education.

Currently, ‘Bednet’, a non-profit organization, organizes and supports the education of ill children through distance learning in collaboration with the pupils’ school. The ministry of Education subsidises Bednet for their provision of this service. 

A pupil can participate in SIE if:

  • he/she is registered and follows class regularly in a primary or secondary school, that has been recognized by the government and is being financed or subsidized by it (there exist 3 pilot projects for 5-year-olds in pre-primary education).
  • He/she is absent for a long period, or is absent with valid reason for multiple times and is not capable of following class at school.

SIE is, just as temporary education at home, not possible for certain groups:

  • Pupils who are permanently educated at home
  • Pupils following certain disciplines in secondary education
  • Part-time vocational secondary education
  • Preparatory school years for higher education (aso and kso)
  • Advanced secondary education (tso and kso)
  • 4th grade vocational secondary education and nursery higher vocational education
  • Alternating special (needs) vocational secondary education

Synchronous Internet Education does not offer a solution to every ill pupil. Together with all partners involved, Bednet will make the decision whether SIE is a feasible and good solution for a particular student.

Psychiatric services for children and youngsters (K-services)

There are currently 12 psychiatric services for children and young people which are recognised and subsidised for the provision of education. The subsidy per K-service is based on the number of day beds and day and night beds for which the service is recognised. The K-services may not award diplomas or certificates. As is the case with type 5 education, the child’s own school remains partially responsible for the child in a K-service.

Temporary education at home (TOAH)

Temporary education at home (four teaching periods) can under certain conditions be organised for any sick pupil aged five years or above (pupils who turned five before 1 January of the current school year):

  • who are absent for a continuous period of more than 21 calendar days due to illness or accident;
  • who have accumulated a total of nine half-days of absence due to chronic illness, i.e. an illness for which continuous or repeated treatment is needed for at least six months (e.g. kidney, asthma or cancer patients).

Regular pupils in secondary education are eligible, apart from:

  • the grades preparatory to higher education in third stage GSE and ASE, advanced secondary TSE and ASE, fourth stage VSE and higher vocational education in nursing;
  • PVSE (part-time vocational secondary education);
  • vocational alternance training in special secondary education.

Parents request TEAH themselves. They must submit a written request with a medical attestation to the principal of the child’s usual school. In the case of illness or accident, this attestation should be issued by the general practitioner or treating physician. If a chronic illness is involved, the medical specialist should issue the attestation, which remains valid for the entire school year.

There is a right to TEAH if the distance between the school for mainstream education and the pupil’s address is up to 10 km (up to 20 km for special education). If the distance is greater, the school itself decides whether TEAH will be provided.

In addition to the requirement to indicate the arrangements for TEAH in the school regulations, school management teams are obliged to inform the parents of children with frequent or long-term illnesses individually about the existence and possibility of organising temporary education at home.

The non-profit organisation Bednet vzw helps provide support for children with long-term and chronic illness between the ages of 6 and 18. Bednet creates a virtual school environment via the Internet for these pupils and ensures that they maintain contact with their class either in real time or asynchronously, and continue to follow lessons. For participating children and schools, this process is free of charge. At the start of the second term for school year 2009-2010, more than 100 children were making simultaneous use of the Bednet system. 

For the legal framework, see 'Legislation'.

Permanent education at home (POAH)

Pupils from the age of five who satisfy the admission conditions for special education but are unable to attend education at school due to their disability (e.g. very brittle bones, high risk of infection) have the right to permanent education at home. An application must be submitted by the parents to the care point of the educational inspection and the care point's positive opinion on the requested PEAH is needed. If the opinion is positive, the care point, in consultation with the parents, designates the school for special education that will provide the permanent education at home. For the pupil concerned, the school receives four supplementary teaching periods per week to organise the PEAH. The travel costs of the teacher in question are reimbursed. (Flemish government decree of 13 July 2007).