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Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

2016

Reform of adult education

On 25 March 2016 the Flemish government approved the concept note ‘Adult education as education of opportunities. Opportunities for lifelong learning, integration and qualification’. The concept note aims to strengthen adult education and to position the adult level clearly in the Flemish educational landscape. To that aim adult education would be strengthened, its financing system enhanced and staff regulation adapted.

The principles of the concept note are currently elaborated and converted into regulation. The reform is implemented gradually in order to grant the sector of adult education sufficient time to prepare itself.

In December 2016 an Emergency Ordinance on adult education and higher vocational education was approved by the Flemish Government. The act contains a reform of the program offer within adult education and introduces changes to the organisation of the sector which must result in economies of scale. Current efforts focus on the next two aspects of the reform are to be elaborated, namely the financing system and the personnel regulations within the adult education sector.

The reform of adult education takes into account other reforms such as the strengthening of the initial teacher training, the elaboration of higher vocational education as a fully-fledged part of higher education, and a renewed policy on NT2 (Dutch as a foreign language).

Flemish qualification structure

The Flemish qualification structure contains more than 200 professional qualification standards recognised by the Flemish Government. During the course of 2016, some 80 additional professional qualification standards will be validated.

Dutch as a second language

A review by the education inspectorate of Dutch as a second language (NT2) provisions in Adult (Basic) Education Centres at the behest of the minister of Integration, was presented Early 2016. The report displays the needs of students, teachers and providers and lays the groundwork for better cooperation between stakeholders. Based on this report, the Flemish Government approved a concept note in March 2016. The concept note sets out two principles:

  1. future NT2-providers will need official recognition by the NT2-director (i.e. the Integration Agencies and the Dutch Language House of Brussels) based on preset criteria
  2. a stronger regulatory role for the NT2-director is needed

Because of the larger influx of refugees, the Flemish Government provided an additional € 18 milion. These funds can be used to provide NT2-courses in adult education.

2015

Reform of adult education

In order to address the challenges of adult education, Flanders is working on a shared policy vision for the sector and an updated description of its societal assignment. This is taking place in close cooperation and consultation with the educational partners and on the basis of various partial evaluations of the functioning of the sector.

In October 2015 a discussion paper on the reform of adult education and training was developed. This paper will be followed by a concept note in the first half of 2016.

Reform of part-time art education

On 17 July 2015 the Flemish Government accepted a concept note ‘Level decree on part-time art education’. The note defines the basic principles of a reform of the sector of part-time art education and strives towards reaching a triple goal:

  • Simplifying the existing legislative framework
  • Pursuing a solid anchoring in education
  • Creating a link with arts and pre-primary and compulsory education

With the new parliamentary act the Flemish Government wants to grant more autonomy to the school governing boards, school leaders and teachers to design their own programmes. In the future it would also have to be possible for academies to adapt their programme offer more easily to the needs in their town or region. At the same time the Government wants to modernise the attainment goals. Pupils who finish their programme in an academy will be granted a certificate which refers to a recognised qualification. Cooperation with schools of primary and secondary education but also local cultural actors (e.g. amateur arts) must visualise the societal relevance of part-time art education. To conclude the Government wants to reduce the administrative burden on pupils and academies with regard to the collection of enrolment fees.

Recognition of competences

The current Flemish Government wants to continue work on the recognition of competences acquired in non-formal and informal contexts and on the development of an integrated policy on the recognition of acquired competences. To this aim the Flemish government approved on 17 July 2015 the concept note ‘Integrated policy for the recognition of competences’. The aim of this concept note is to create a single framework linking the validation process to the Flemish Qualification Structure and creating common standards and quality assurance.

Within the policy domain of education a research assignment called ‘Cost-benefit analysis and financing of the recognition of acquired competences’ was in the summer of 2015 granted to Idea Consult. The research project will run from the beginning of September 2015 until the end of May 2016. Thereafter a research report will be presented. The project is monitored by a steering committee with representatives from the policy domains of education and work and representatives from the employment sector.

Dutch as a second language

With the view of creating a flexible offer of Dutch as a Second Language (NT2) new programme profiles for ‘literacy training NT2’ were introduced in February 2015. This allows the Adult Basic Education Centres to respond better to the needs of their heterogeneous public. For course participants with a low level of literacy and not familiar with the Latin alphabet an adapted programme profile ‘Latin script’ was introduced. From 1 September 2015 the Adult Basic Education Centres can also organise the offer of ‘literacy training NT2’ in open modules, tailor-made to the needs of the course participant.

Enhancing (digital) literacy and media literacy

Please see 14.5.1.3.

Quality assurance

Please see 14.2.1.11.

2014

Modernisation of secondary education

Please see 14.2.2.6.