This page was last modified on 22 April 2016, at 13:50.

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

From Eurydice

Jump to: navigation, search

Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

 

Student Mobility

As well as the EU initiatives, students can also achieve mobility via other projects.

Erasmus Belgica - a collaboration project between the Communities of Belgium

This is a cooperation project between the three Communities of Belgium to enhance the mobility of higher-education students and to give them the opportunity to follow part of their programme at a university or university college in another Community. The programme follows the same principles as the European Erasmus programme.

An Erasmus Belgica scholarship consists of a fixed amount (premium) + a monthly allowance (minimum three months, maximum one year) if the student has to pay for accommodation. EPOS (European Programmes for Education, Training and Cooperation) is the National Agency for Flanders for the implementation of the European Lifelong Learning Programme.

Cooperation with France

In 2009, regional cooperation was started between France, the French Community and Flanders in higher education, which included starting up and extending joint Master’s programmes. More information can be found in the Joint Degree guide.

Exchanges with the Washington Center for internships and academic seminars

This programme encourages students to take up internships via the Washington Center for Internships and Academic Seminars. The students are placed in various prestigious international organisations and companies. Supervision, support and quality control is provided by the Washington Center. In 2010-2011, ten scholarships of €7,500 were allocated to Flemish students by the Flemish government to attend an internship via the Washington Center for Internships and Academic Seminars. The Washington Center has also itself provided additional scholarships for Flemish students in the past. The financing will continue in the next few academic years.

Student exchanges within ASEM-DUO

This programme involves exchanges of students between Flanders and the ASEM countries. The students are selected via cooperation agreements between Flemish and Asian institutions. Both Flemish and Asian students (from the ASEM countries) can use the scholarships; arrangements are always made on the basis of pairs of students. The students gain credit in their regular institution for their exchange.

Inter-community exchanges within the framework of the Prince Philippe Fund

The Prince Philippe Fund supports the exchange of students from university colleges and universities from at least 2 of the 3 Belgian Communities. These exchanges must run over a minimum of 5 days, can be staggered across the academic year and can even take place at several locations in Belgium. A minimum of 5 students per university college or university must take part in the project. Priority is given to projects with an innovative and interdisciplinary approach to knowledge about the 3 Communities and to projects which enhance proficiency in the three official languages. http://www.prins-filipfonds.org/

In 2009, the Prince Philippe Fund also set up a project which offers information on the launch and expansion of Joint (degree) programmes (e.g.: double degrees) between the three Communities of Belgium. Next to an inventory of the existing initiatives of Bi, Multiple and Joint (degree) programmes, there was a Colloquium in 2010 regarding the students exchanges between the three Communities and in 2011 a Joint Degree Guide was published.

Recognition and validation of foreign qualifications

Higher education qualifications may be recognised by NARIC-Flanders. Although the Law of 30 April 2004 has stipulated the access conditions, the higher education institutions in Flanders are autonomous regarding admission to their programmes. 

The Parliamentary Act on Higher Education of 4 April 2003 confirmed that the recognition of foreign higher-education degrees in Flanders follows the principles of the Lisbon Recognition Convention (Convention Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in European Region of 11 April 1997 - "LRC") laid down by the Council of Europe and UNESCO. Belgium proceeded with ratification on the 22nd of July 2009. The LRC entered into force in Belgium on the first of September 2009. The Parliamentary Act on Higher Education of 4 April 2003 of Flanders was therefore adopted by stipulating in 2011 that the higher education institutions have to apply the principles of the LRC regarding access to their programmes and that NARIC-Flanders has to apply the principles of the LRC regarding the recognition of higher education qualifications. It furthermore stipulated that the Council for disputes about decisions on study progress is also the appeal body for recognition decisions taken by higher education institutions and recognition decisions taken by NARIC-Flanders. On the 14th of June 2013 also the conditions and the procedures of the recognition of qualifications of all levels were stipulated in the Flemish legislation.

Europass

Europass is a folder in which 5 documents can be compiled to facilitate job applications or new studies abroad: a CV, to be filled out by the candidate and a language passport, a Diploma Supplement (for people having completed higher education) and a mobility overview as proof of European learning experiences. 

Flanders was the first in Europe to introduce a statutory Diploma Supplement. This was introduced for universities in 1991 and for university colleges in 1994. The diploma supplement is obligatory. Every higher education student in flanderes automatically receives a Diploma Supplement with is degree. The degree (Associate Degree, Bachelor, Master and Doctor) and the accompanying diploma supplement are intrinsically interlinked and are regarded as one single whole. It states that the higher education qualification framework in Flanders is compatible with the overarching framework of the European Higher Education Area and that this is officially confirmed on the website of the NVAO. This confirmation is also provided on the website of the ENIC and NARIC networks. At the request of students (but most of the time automatically), the statutory registered institutions for higher education will also furnish a free once-off copy of the degree and Diploma Supplement in English. The degree and Diploma Supplement for programmes taught entirely in another language than Dutch are issued both in the teaching language and in Dutch.

Screening of Chinese students

In December 2006 Germany and Flanders signed an agreement in which the "Akademischen Prüfstelle Beijing" was empowered to screen the qualifications of Chinese students wishing to study in Flanders and Germany from the academic year 2007-2008 onwards. Austria, Switzerland, the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles and the Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft Belgiens joined this cooperation.

Chinese students do need a positive AP screening attestation to obtain a student visa for Belgium from the Belgian Embassy in Beijing.

The AP screening has two phases. Phase one is the document screening. Experts check whether the qualifications are authentic and indeed awarded by the Chinese (higher) education institutions. Phase two is the interview. Experts (including Flemish ones) check during the interview whether that person is indeed the holder of that qualification and at that level.

Chinese exchange students in the framework of a bilateral agreement between a Chinese higher education institution and a Flemish one, Erasmus Mundus or the China Scholarship Council are exempted from screening phase two, the interview. 

More information is available at the website.

Benelux

Benelux is an intergovernmental cooperation between Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The union's name is formed from joining the first two or three letters of each country's name - Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg - and was first used to name the customs agreement that initiated the union signed in 1944. It was officially founded in 1958 by Treaty and updated on the 17th of June 2008.

On the 7th of November 2012 Benelux started - on initiative of Flanders - to discuss the automatic academic general recognition of eachter other's higher education degrees. The goal is to accept automatically each other's higher education degrees at the corresponding level avoiding equivalence statements and individual recognition procedures.

Automatic non-individual recognition of foreign higher education qualifications

The Flemish Parliament has created the legal framework for automatic recognition of foreign higher education qualifications in Flanders on the 10th of July 2013. So, holders of foreign higher education qualifications will not always have to follow an individual academic recognition procedure. There will be two ways of automatic recognition.

Foreign higher education qualifications can be automatically legally declared equal

  • in general with the Flemish degrees "Associate degree", "Bachelor", "Master" or "Doctor" (= level recognition) or
  • with specific higher education qualifications in Flanders, like "Master of Science in Mathematics" (= full specific recognition).

The automatic level recognition has to be based upon:

  • the presence of a quality assurance system meeting the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area which guarantees the achievement of the learning outcomes; and
  • the presence of a higher education programme structure compatible with the Higher Education Area (EHEA) Structure; and
  • a qualifications framework well-matched, which is internationally verified, with the overarching Framework Qualifications in the EHEA, adopted at the Bergen Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education 19-20 May 2005.

For the automatic recognition with specific higher education qualifications also a comparison of the learning outcomes has to be included.

In case the programme leading to a Short cycle qualification/Associate degree, First cycle qualification/Bachelor degree or Second Cycle qualification/Master degree is accredited by an accreditation organisation listed in the European Quality Assurance Register for Higher Education (EQAR), Flanders may respectively declare these degrees automatically, in general or specific, equal to the higher education degrees Associate degree, Bachelor and Master of Flanders.

Automatic recognition higher education qualifications - Flanders and the Netherlands

The Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders (NVAO) was established by international treaty on the first of February 2005. Thanks to the guarantee of a minimum quality of the HE programms by the same quality assurance agency holders of a Bachelor degree and holders of a Master degree obtained in the Netherlands have direct access to respectively Master programmes and the Doctorate in Flanders and vice versa.

The Flemish Governmental Decision of 17 September 2010 also officially declared the HE degrees Bachelor, Master and Doctor of the Netherlands equal respectively with the Flemish Bachelor, Master and Doctor. 

On the 16th of January 2013 the NVAO Treaty was updated and it also stipulated that the Bachelor degrees and master degrees in Flanders and the Netherlands are declared equal to each other.

Joint '(degree) programmes

The "transnationale Universiteit Limburg" was founded by the international Agreement between Flanders and the Netherlands singed in Maastricht on 18 January 2001 and ratified in Flanders on 13 July 2001. The transnationale Universiteit Limburg is entitled to award Bachelor and Master degrees in listed fields of study and are automatically recognised in Flanders and the Netherlands.

Joint programme

Higher education institutions in Flanders may allow their students to follow education at another institution as being part of their Bachelor or Master programme. The other higher education institution may be a Belgian institution or a foreign institution, but only if this institution is offering programmes of at least three years.

Double degrees

Higher education institutions may award a Flemish degree together with a state recognised degree from a (or several) partner institutions. The possible partners are

  • a (or several) higher education institution(s) of one of the other Communities in of Belgium
  • a (or several) foreign higher education institution(s)

The preconditions to be met are as follows:

  • agreement confirming the educational goals and the content of the programme;
  • providing details of the eduational organisation for these students at all the higher education institutions involved;
  • students will take at least 20 ECTS credits at the partner institution in case it is a programme with a load of study of 60 ECTS credits or at least 27 ECTS credits in other cases;
  • students are registered in the Flemish higher education institution at the moment the degree is awarded;
  • avoiding a double (or even more) subsidy for the same student;
  • the two (or more) names of the degrees are mentioned on the same document, unless the national legislation of the partners do not allow it.

Joint degrees

Higher education institutions may award a joint degree with one or more foreign higher education institutions or one or more institutions of the other Communities of Belgium involved.

The Flemish higher education institution may grant the Flemish legally protected "Bachelor" or "Master" title on top of it. Students have to follow a joint curriculum in the framework of an international oriented education programme, a European education (exchange) programme or a cooperation agreement between the higher education institutions involved.

Joint and double doctoral degrees

Flemish universities may award a joint or double doctoral degree with one or more universities of the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles and/or with one or more foreign higher education institutions.

The doctoral student has to successfully defend her/his doctoral thesis. The jury members are professors from all the higher education institutions involved. The doctoral student has to spend at least six months at the partner institution doing scientific research linked with her/his doctoral thesis.

Academic Staff Mobility

Erasmus Belgica - a collaboration project between the Communities of Belgium

Since academic year 2006-2007, the Erasmus Belgica programme has been extended to include exchanges between higher-education lecturers from the 3 Communities. To that end, participating university colleges and universities must conclude bilateral agreements with their partners from the other Community. The application of the programme is consistent with the terms of the Erasmus programme. Each lecturer receives a fixed amount per day with a maximum amount for five days.

Belgian Inter-Community exchanges for higher education within the framework of the Prince Philippe Fund for the development of common course material

The Prince Philippe Fund assists lecturers and professors teaching at university colleges and universities located in the three Communities of Belgium with the development of common didactic material. Per academic year, they must spend at least three meeting days on the development of common course material. These particular collaboration projects can receive funding for 2 or 3 years.