Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

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Overview Belgium (Flemish Community)

Contents

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Historical Development

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Political and Economic Situation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Private Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Qualifications Framework

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Funding in Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training Funding

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Childcare

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Pre-Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the First Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in the Second and Third Stage of Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in Vocational Secondary Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Organisation of secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teaching and learning in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Assessment in secondary-after-secondary education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Belgium-Flemish-Community:First Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bachelor

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Second Cycle Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Distribution of Responsibilities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Providers

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Main Types of Provision

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Teachers and Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management and Other Education Staff

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff for Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Educational Support and Guidance

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility and Internationalisation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in School Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms in Higher Education

Belgium-Flemish-Community:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Belgium-Flemish-Community:European Perspective

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Legislation

Belgium-Flemish-Community:Glossary

 

Pupil and Student Mobility

Exchanges with neighbouring countries in elementary education

  • The Neighbouring countries programme wants to stimulate common educational projects with one or several elementary schools located in one of Belgium's immediate neighbouring countries, i.e., the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, France and the United Kingdom.
  • Class exchanges (in principle at least one entire class) must ensue from a common educational project between schools which is embedded in the pupils’ normal curriculum.
  • Visiting a partner school involves a minimum stay of 2 days and 1 night at the place of destination, excluding travel time. Accommodation is ideally provided by a host family.
  • These class exchanges may not take place during the school holidays and are in principle based on reciprocity.
  • The number of projects which qualify for funding by the Department of Education and Training depends on the overall budget available.

See Circular letter BaO/2009/03

GROS (Cross-border cooperation with neighbouring countries within secondary education)

  • This programme is open to all secondary-education pupils.
  • Class exchanges can take place with schools from Belgium’s immediate neighbouring countries, i.e., the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, France and the United Kingdom.
  • Class exchanges (in principle at least one entire class) must ensue from a common educational project between schools which is embedded in the pupils’ normal curriculum.
  • When visiting a partner school, pupils must remain at their destination for a minimum of 3 days and 3 nights, excluding travel time (2 schools for special secondary education).
  • The number of projects qualifying for funding by the Department of Education and Training depends on the overall budget available and is limited to one project per school and per school year.

See Circular letter SO/2004/04

Exchanges between Dutch, French and German-speaking elementary and secondary schools in Belgium

  • These exchanges are designed for pupils attending mainstream and special elementary and secondary education.
  • They must be held between classes from at least 2 out of the 3 Belgian Communities.
  • Classes jointly work on one common theme. Pupils visit each other for at least one full day in each other’s Community. During this encounter pupils work on a common end product. As far as possible, project work is done on the basis of the final objectives.
  • The aim of these exchanges is to broaden pupils' linguistic skills and culture by allowing them to discover how their peers live, with due respect for each other's individuality.
  • The exchanges are funded by the Prince Philippe Fund (administered by the King Baudoin Foundation), in conjunction with the Departments for Education of the three Communities. http://www.prins-filipfonds.org/

Twinning - Exchanges between Flemish and Moroccan schools

Twinning projects involve an exchange between Flemish and Moroccan schools, on the basis of cross-curricular activities, in which the development of identity and tolerance are central elements. They are subsidised by the Department of Education and Training.

Euro classes (European class exchanges)

  • This programme is open to pupils from the 4th grade of secondary education onwards.
  • Class exchanges can take place with schools in countries who participate in the European Union's 'Lifelong Learning' programme.
  • Class exchanges (in principle at least one entire class) must ensue from a common educational project between schools which is embedded in the pupils’ normal curriculum.
  • When visiting a partner school, pupils must remain at their destination for a minimum of 6 days and 6 nights, excluding travel time (4 schools for special secondary education).
  • The number of projects qualifying for funding depends on the overall budget available and is limited to one project per school and per school year.

See Circular letter SO/2004/05

EU exchange programmes

EPOS (European Programmes for Education, Training and Cooperation) is the National Agency for Flanders responsible for implementing the European Lifelong Learning Programme. It arranges in-service training grants, school partnerships, language assistants, visits and contact seminars.

An overview of current partnerships in Comenius, Leonardo Da Vinci and Grundtvig can be found in the brochure Partnerschappen voor een leven lang leren and on the EPOS website.

Recognition of foreign experience and certificates

NARIC-Flanders is responsible for recognition of the equivalence of foreign certificates and diplomas, the professional recognition of foreign diplomas and access to regulated professions, the determination of the level of foreign diplomas, the recognition of Flemish diplomas abroad and explanatory attestations for diplomas gained in French-speaking Belgium. NARIC-Flanders (the National Academic (& Professional) Recognition and Information Centre) is the Flemish unit within the ENIC-NARIC network. ENIC (European Network of Information Centres) groups together the national NARIC centres. NARIC is also the European National Information Centre of Flanders for the Council of Europe and Unesco.

The procedures that apply to the different educational levels are contained in various decrees. The handling of the procedures is largely parallel at the different educational levels.

Teacher Mobility

Neighbouring-Countries programme for elementary education

This particular programme was set up to offer Flemish (mainstream and special) elementary schools the opportunity to cooperate on joint educational projects with one or several elementary schools located in one of Belgium's neighbouring countries, i.e. the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, France and the United Kingdom. Neighbouring countries comprises two components. The school boards and/or one or several members of the teaching staff, policy and support staff or paramedical staff go to a Dutch, Luxembourg, British, French or German elementary school for a minimum of one full day. During their visit they become acquainted with the education system, exchange information about a certain pedagogical or organisational issue, etcetera. During these visits they can also shadow one or several colleagues going about their daily activities. They can also receive subsidies for in-service training courses hosted in neighbouring countries.

This programme also has a section for pupils. [See 13.1.1 Pupil mobility].

Belgian Inter-Community exchanges for elementary and secondary-education schools within the framework of the Prince Philippe Fund

  • This programme is open to all elementary and secondary-education schools.
  • Under this programme, members of the board and/or teachers spend some time at a partner school where they get hands-on experience of daily life in a school of another Community. This form of collaboration must be based on reciprocity.
  • Projects of this type a.o. focus on the following aspects: observing new practices which may be a source of inspiration and can be implemented in the visitor's own school, teaching in a school of another Community.
  • This particular project may extend to pupils, teachers and school boards.

Exchange of teachers for language lessons in compulsory education in the Brussels-Capital Region

On 27 May 2009, the ministers of education of the three Belgian Communities signed an agreement facilitating cooperation between the Communities with regard to language teaching. One of the elements of the agreement relates to the exchange of teachers for language lessons in compulsory education. This project makes one-to-one exchanges possible of teachers from Dutch-language and French-language schools in Brussels at primary level (3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th grades) and at secondary level (1st and 2nd grades). It offers them the possibility of temporarily taking on one another’s teaching duties. The guest teachers speak their own language with the pupils, but the language of the school in their contacts with colleagues. The lessons that are given by the guest teachers must completely fit with the school’s existing curriculum. Projects that are approved in September must cover at least 50 teaching periods, spread over the school year; projects that are approved in January consist of two teaching periods per week until the end of the school year. [See Circular NO/2011/02].

Formaprim, French for elementary-school teachers, boards and pedagogical counsellors

This in-service training programme is organised by the Department of Education and Training in conjunction with the cultural service of the French embassy, the educational inspectorate, the educational umbrella organisations, the Belgian Association of French Teachers, the Alliance Française Brussels-Europe and the Alliance Française for East Flanders. The programme of the 3rd Formaprim agreement mainly relates to the new final objectives for French.

  • A training plan for in-service training providers. In-service training providers of former FORMAPRIM programmes, new colleagues recommended by the educational networks and university college lecturers will be involved for three years and will organise four in-service training sessions per year for Flemish instructors and offer guidance on the new final objectives and curricula. The in-service training providers will themselves receive four training sessions per year on the new final objectives for French; the Common European Reference Framework for Languages: learning, teaching and assessment; the development of a vision of foreign language learning; communication- and task-based language teaching; innovative teaching methods; the construction of a communication-based lesson series; and the common active vocabulary for French in elementary education and forms of evaluation. A two-week work experience placement in France was organised in 2010-2011 and a one-week work experience placement in Wallonia in 2011-2012.
  • An in-service training plan for teachers in every Flemish province and in the Brussels-Capital Region. Every year, three in-service training sessions and a follow-up session are organised. In 2010-2011, these focus on optimising the use of the manual to help pupils achieve the new final objectives; in 2011-2012 on learning to develop innovative and motivating teaching situations; and in 2012-2013 on another method of evaluating.
  • Work experience placements in France for teachers via European scholarships.

Formacom, for staff teaching French in secondary education and in Adult Education

  • First, teachers attend a training seminar in France. Subsequently, follow-up days are organised in Flanders and the in-service trainers organise workshops for their French-teaching colleagues.
  • The programme is organised by the Department for Education and Training in cooperation with the French Embassy, the Flemish universities and the Flemish educational umbrella organisations, within the framework of the Flanders-France cultural agreement.
  • Formacom is funded by the Department for Education and Training, the French Government and Comenius in-service training grants. The participants’ schools (school communities) pay a nominal fee to fund the follow-up days in Flanders.
  • http://www.form-a-com.org

In-service training courses German

Thanks to a collaboration with the German authorities, German teachers can in principle avail of annual exchange and in-service training activities: an in-service training course for Flemish teachers teaching German, hosted in Germany, and an in-service training course for German teachers teaching French, hosted in Flanders.

In-service training courses in English

For English teachers, there is an annual in-service training course in the UK funded by the Department of Education and Training. The trainees stay with a British family.

Workshops on the Council of Europe themes

Via the Council of Europe’s Pestalozzi programme, teachers can attend workshops abroad on topics on which the Council of Europe is working.