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Austria:Early Childhood Education and Care

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Overview Austria

Contents

Austria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Austria:Historical Development

Austria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Austria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Austria:Political and Economic Situation

Austria:Organisation and Governance

Austria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Austria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Austria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Austria:Organisation of Private Education

Austria:National Qualifications Framework

Austria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Austria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Austria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Austria:Funding in Education

Austria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Austria:Higher Education Funding

Austria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Austria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Austria:Organisation

Austria:Teaching and Learning

Austria:Assessment

Austria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Austria:Primary Education

Austria:Organisation of Primary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Austria:Assessment in Primary Education

Austria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Austria:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Austria:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Austria:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Austria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Austria:Higher Education

Austria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Austria:First Cycle Programmes

Austria:Bachelor

Austria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Austria:Second Cycle Programmes

Austria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Austria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Austria:Adult Education and Training

Austria:Distribution of Responsibilities

Austria:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Austria:Main Providers

Austria:Main Types of Provision

Austria:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Austria:Teachers and Education Staff

Austria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Austria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Austria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Austria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria: Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Management and Other Education Staff

Austria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Austria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Austria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Austria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Quality Assurance

Austria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Austria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Educational Support and Guidance

Austria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Austria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Austria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Austria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Austria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Austria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Mobility in Higher Education

Austria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Austria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Austria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Austria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Austria:National Reforms in School Education

Austria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Austria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Austria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Austria:European Perspective

Austria:Legislation

Austria:Institutions

Austria:Bibliography

Austria:Glossary


The educational institutions marked in the graph are dealt with in the text

Age of students
0 - 3 3 - 6 6 - 10 10 - 14 15  16   17  18 19  20 
ISCED 0
ISCED 1 ISCED 2 ISCED 3

Kinder krippe Kinder garten Volksschule Allgemeinbildende Höhere Schule





Neue Mittelschule









Oberstufenrealgymnasium





Polytech- nische Schule Berufsschule und Lehre






Berufsbildende Mittlere Schule






Berufsbildende Höhere Schule










Ausbildungen Gesundheitswesen








ISCED 4






Ausbildungen Gesundheitswesen


Overview


Historically seen child care policy in Austria was more family-oriented than education-oriented but a change process to a more and more education-oriented approach is constantly taking place.

Fiscal measures within the framework of family policy such as granting child support are federal responsibility (Austrian Family Support Act) while legislation and implementation in the area of child care outside the family before the beginning of compulsory schooling are exclusively within the authority of the federal provinces (Bundesländer).

At federal level two ministries are responsible for designing ECEC policies:

Increasing equality of opportunities and improving early language development are educational objectives in order to better prepare all children for the demands of school. These objectives have been affirmed by the introduction of a compulsory kindergarten year free of charge for all children before they reach statutory school age.
In line with the Barcelona objective of the European Union, the Federal Government and the federal provinces agreed to promote the availability of child care facilities.
  • Provincial governments have full responsibility for
    • the organisation,
    • regulation and
    • funding of ECEC services.



Services


Centre-based services are

  • crèches for children under 3 years,
  • kindergartens for children aged 3-6 years,
  • mixed-age groups - mostly situated at kindergartens for children from 1 to 6 years.
Non-centre-based services are parent-toddler groups (elternverwaltete Kindergruppen) run by parent associations and family day care (Tageseltern).


The legal basis for day care facility providers is provided by the Youth Welfare Act - as amended and the individual Kindergarten Acts of the federal provinces - as amended with the respective implementation regulations.

The providers of child care establishments in Austria are the

  • municipalities,
  • associations,
  • religiously-affiliated providers
  • and – to a small extent – companies.


Extension initiative


To reach the EU Benchmark (IP/11/488) of having at least a 95% participation rate of children between age four and the start of compulsory education, the Federal Government has initiated extension programmes with financial support for the provinces and the municipalities. These initiatives have led to an increase in places, as well as to lengthened opening hours in the afternoons and during holidays. Austria has already exceeded the Barcelona target for 3-6 year olds.

Mandatory advising session for parents


In addition to the compulsory pre-school year for 5-year-old children, starting in the 2016/17 school year there will be a mandatory advising session for parents whose 4-year-old children are not yet in kindergarten.

Obligatory and free kindergarten for 5 year olds


In September 2010 obligatory kindergarten attendance for 16 to 20 hours (half day) over a minimum of at least 4 days per week was introduced for 5 year olds (i.e. children one year before school entry) according to an agreement pursuant to Art. 15a of the Federal Constitutional Law. To ensure the attendance at kindergarten for all 5 year old children as well as to reduce the financial burden for parents, the Federal Government concluded a legal agreement with the provinces (Federal Law Gazette II no. 478/2008) in 2008. As a result, parents have not had to pay fees for half-day ECEC (20 hours per week) since September 2009. This initiative is financially supported by the Federal Government with € 70 million per year to reimburse the increase in costs for the provinces and the municipalities.

Some provinces additionally offer additional free child care for certain age groups.

Sources



Legislation