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Austria:Adult Education and Training

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Overview Austria

Contents

Austria:Political, Social and Economic Background and Trends

Austria:Historical Development

Austria:Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Austria:Population: Demographic Situation, Languages and Religions

Austria:Political and Economic Situation

Austria:Organisation and Governance

Austria:Fundamental Principles and National Policies

Austria:Lifelong Learning Strategy

Austria:Organisation of the Education System and of its Structure

Austria:Organisation of Private Education

Austria:National Qualifications Framework

Austria:Administration and Governance at Central and/or Regional Level

Austria:Administration and Governance at Local and/or Institutional Level

Austria:Statistics on Organisation and Governance

Austria:Funding in Education

Austria:Early Childhood and School Education Funding

Austria:Higher Education Funding

Austria:Adult Education and Training Funding

Austria:Early Childhood Education and Care

Austria:Organisation

Austria:Teaching and Learning

Austria:Assessment

Austria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Early Childhood Education and Care

Austria:Primary Education

Austria:Organisation of Primary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in Primary Education

Austria:Assessment in Primary Education

Austria:Organisational Variations and Alternative Structures in Primary Education

Austria:Secondary and Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Austria:Organisation of General Lower Secondary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in General Lower Secondary Education

Austria:Assessment in General Lower Secondary Education

Austria:Organisation of General Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in General Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Assessment in General Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Organisation of Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Teaching and Learning in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Assessment in Vocational Upper Secondary Education

Austria:Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary Education

Austria:Higher Education

Austria:Types of Higher Education Institutions

Austria:First Cycle Programmes

Austria:Bachelor

Austria:Short-Cycle Higher Education

Austria:Second Cycle Programmes

Austria:Programmes outside the Bachelor and Master Structure

Austria:Third Cycle (PhD) Programmes

Austria:Adult Education and Training

Austria:Distribution of Responsibilities

Austria:Developments and Current Policy Priorities

Austria:Main Providers

Austria:Main Types of Provision

Austria:Validation of Non-formal and Informal Learning

Austria:Teachers and Education Staff

Austria:Initial Education for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Conditions of Service for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Continuing Professional Development for Teachers Working in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Initial Education for Academic Staff in Higher Education

Austria:Conditions of Service for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Austria:Continuing Professional Development for Academic Staff Working in Higher Education

Austria:Initial Education for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Conditions of Service for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria: Continuing Professional Development for Teachers and Trainers Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Management and Other Education Staff

Austria:Management Staff for Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Staff Involved in Monitoring Educational Quality for Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Education Staff Responsible for Guidance in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working with Schools

Austria:Management Staff for Higher Education

Austria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Higher Education

Austria:Management Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Other Education Staff or Staff Working in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Quality Assurance

Austria:Quality Assurance in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Quality Assurance in Higher Education

Austria:Quality Assurance in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Educational Support and Guidance

Austria:Special Education Needs Provision within Mainstream Education

Austria:Separate Special Education Needs Provision in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Support Measures for Learners in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Support Measures for Learners in Higher Education

Austria:Guidance and Counselling in Higher Education

Austria:Support Measures for Learners in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Guidance and Counselling in a Lifelong Learning Approach

Austria:Mobility and Internationalisation

Austria:Mobility in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Mobility in Higher Education

Austria:Mobility in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Early Childhood and School Education

Austria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Higher Education

Austria:Other Dimensions of Internationalisation in Adult Education and Training

Austria:Bilateral Agreements and Worldwide Cooperation

Austria:Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

Austria:National Reforms in Early Childhood Education and Care

Austria:National Reforms in School Education

Austria:National Reforms in Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning

Austria:National Reforms in Higher Education

Austria:National Reforms related to Transversal Skills and Employability

Austria:European Perspective

Austria:Legislation

Austria:Institutions

Austria:Bibliography

Austria:Glossary


Adult education and training (synonymous with continuing education and training, CET) includes

  • all forms of formal, non-formal and informal goal-oriented learning by adults after completion of an initial stage of education varying in length and irrespective of the level reached in this process.
  • Adult education and training/CET involves all vocational, general, political and cultural teaching and learning processes for adults which are controlled within a public, private and economic context by others and/or oneself (definition based on: Ö-Cert, General basic requirements).
Adult education mainly focuses on the acquisition of knowledge and competences which are generally important and are necessary and applicable in different contexts, including professional contexts.
Adult training or CET mainly deals with the acquisition of subject-specific competences and qualifications for the labour market.


Main Goals


The main goals of adult education and training include improving access and providing opportunities of lifelong learning measures for all people, with special consideration of disadvantaged groups, as well as enhancing permeability of the education system. Essential for the attainment of these goals are the implementation of programmes appropriate to adults and the target group as well as high-quality educational counselling and career guidance. Major prerequisites are enhancing the quality and professionalisation of adult education and training as well as safeguarding basic structures of adult education and training.

Institutions and Programmes


The Austrian adult education and training landscape is characterised by a high degree of institutional diversity and an associated wide range of available programmes. Alongside the

  • public sector
    • (schools,
    • universities and
    • universities of applied sciences),
  • there are many non-profit as well as commercial providers (cf. 8.3).

The spectrum (cf. 8.4) of education and training ranges from

  • basic skills education,
  • the acquisition of qualifications in second-chance education,
  • various subject-specific courses and general-education seminars, to
  • master’s degree programmes at higher education establishments.


Funding


The Federal Ministry of Education (BMB) supports associations and institutions of adult education and training. The prerequisites and criteria for awarding funds are laid down in the Federal Financing Act on the Funding of Adult Education and Public Libraries from Federal Funds (or 1973 Adult Education Funding Act for short). Performance agreements are concluded with the individual KEBÖ associations (see below). Other legal regulations can be found in different school-related, university, fiscal, and labour market laws.

Responsibilities (cf. 8.1) for adult education and training are also distributed widely in Austria: between the public sector (the federal government, provincial and municipal governments) and the respective education and training providers.

The funding of adult education and training depends on what type of programme is attended. For the largest part, adult education and training

  • is funded by the public,
  • but also the learners themselves
  • and/or the respective companies bear (some of) the costs.

There are also a number of measures (such as the educational leave scheme) for learners to (partially) cover their expenses and financial subsidies (e.g. in the form of grants and tax relief) which adult education and training institutions can apply for as support.

For the funding of the subsidised measures, education and training programmes, and development projects, (mainly since the early 2000s) funds of the European Social Fund (ESF) of the European Union have been used to a great extent. In the adult education and training sector, the ESF provides funds for projects

  • aiming at the lasting integration of adults at a disadvantage into society, education and the labour market,
  • the reduction of barriers and the creation of equal opportunities, as well as
  • professionalisation and quality development.

Support from ESF funds is co-financed by the Federal Ministry of Education (BMB).

Legislation References