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The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PD) was agreed in March 2005 at the Second High Level Forum in Paris.


It was a landmark achievement for setting out an agreement between donors and recipient governments on five principles and shared commitments to improve aid effectiveness. The PD established these commitments for both donor and recipient countries’ actions between 2005 and 2010. The underlying intention was, and remains, to reform the delivery and management of aid in order to improve its effectiveness. The reforms are intended to “increase the impact of aid […] in reducing poverty and inequality, increasing growth, building capacity and accelerating the achievement of the MDGs”. PD is due to expire in 2010 and the next High-Level Forum will take place in the last quarter of 2011 in Seoul . The challenge post- Accra is to secure the deepening of aid reforms and to renew the aid architecture to put considerations of development effectiveness and human rights, rather than aid effectiveness, at its heart.

Principles of the Paris Declaration

There are 5 principles in the declaration:
Principles of PD.png

1. Alignment - donors’ commitment to base their overall support on recipient countries' national development strategies, institutions, and procedures

2. Harmonisation - need for donor countries to work cooperatively, so that their actions are more harmonised, transparent, and collectively effective, as they reduce transaction costs for local partners and allow them to focus their attention on strategic concerns as opposed to the details of project management. The harmonization agenda of the Paris Declaration opens up new challenges and opportunities for CSOs and LRAs. For example, the increased emphasis on comprehensive approaches and systems-wide interventions opens up new challenges as well as opportunities on how to meaningfully engage in policy dialogue on high-level issues that affect development

3. Ownership - effective leadership that developing countries shall exercise over their development policies and strategies, and to their role in the coordination of development actions

4. Results - Developing countries and donors shift focus to development results and results get measured

5. Mutual accountability - Donors and partners are accountable for development results.