Democratisation is the process of transition towards a more democratic political regime.
This process is measured by a series of principles including popular control, Rule of law, political equality, a multi-party system, citizen’s participation and the existence of collectively binding decisions which formalise the establishment of a non-violent dialectic between the aspirations of the majority and those of a minority according to a body of rules accepted by all and based on respect for Human rights and fundamental freedoms .
Adapted from COM (1998) 146
Different patterns of democratisation are often used to explain other political phenomena, such as whether a country goes to a war or whether its economy grows. Democratisation itself is influenced by various factors, including economic Development, history, and Civil society.
Several organisations and bodies monitor these processes, its developments and set-backs. This includes the work developed by the UN Democracy Caucus; the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA): the World Movement for Democracy and Freedom House Surveys, among many others.