The Itria Valley F/LAG occupies an area between the three main cities of the Apulia Region: Bari, Brindisi and Taranto. It is also called the Trulli’s Valley due to the presence of the traditional Apulian stone buildings. The shore is mostly rocky with small sandy bays, and it is characterised by Mediterranean scrub (“la macchia mediterranea”).
Tourism is one of the main economic activities in the area including spa and beach tourism, underwater archaeology and fisheries-related tourism (itti-tourism and pesca-tourism). The fishing fleet consists of 306 small-scale fishing boats, of which many are below 12m in length.
The FLAG area is situated in the western part of Sicily and the region’s economy is largely dependent on the sea. Fishing and canning are the two main local industries and fishers typically catch tuna using the ‘mattanza’ technique.
The area is characterised by small-scale fisheries with about 50 small boats and 6 landing areas (only two vessels over 12m, no big ports). Challenges here are linked to fishermen’s low competitiveness and poor linkages with the tourism sector.
Geologically, the FLAG area falls in Campi Flegrei caldera, a volcanic area northwest of Naples, where both active and extinct craters exist. This area is also part of a regional park. Fish farms are present along the coast line.
The establishment of the Coast to Coast FLAG is the first implementation of fisheries CLLD in the Basilicata region. The FLAG area includes 19 municipalities within the provinces of Matera and Potenza and covers approximately 61 km of the regional coastlines of the Tyrrhenian and the Ionian Seas, mostly included in protected areas or areas of community interest.
The FLAG covers an area of 162 km 2, and includes 20 municipalities in the provinces of Naples and Salerno (from Castellammare di Stabia to Vietri sul Mare). The fisheries sector here is facing severe challenges in terms of diminishing fish resources and falling competitiveness.