FARNET
Fisheries Areas Network

FLAG Factsheet

Orkney Islands FLAG

Official name: 
Orkney FLAG
Country:
Region: 
Code: 
UK204
Programming period: 
2014-2020

Area

Orkney is made up of 70 islands, 18 of which are inhabited.  Orkney is both a rural and island community, and economy, in an extremely peripheral location off the North coast of Scotland, which gives rise to a unique mix of opportunities and challenges.  The whole of the Orkney Islands’ are included in the FLAG area.

Fishing is an integral part of the Orkney economy, and in 2012 the local fleet comprised 142 vessels. The vast majority of Orkney fishing vessels were creel fishing boats under 10m in 2012 (65% of fleet), followed by creel fishing vessels ≥10m which comprised 18% of the total fishing fleet. Landings in Orkney are nearly all from locally based boats with shellfish landings up the vast majority.

The FLAG will target groups in the fishing and aquaculture industries, as well as fisheries based communities.

Orkney’s challenges include:

  • Population decline;
  • An ageing population; and
  • High cost of living and low wages, and distance from the markets and facilities. 

The challenges specific to Orkney’s fisheries sector are the distance from boat to market due to the geographical remoteness and island location, and the associated additional and transport costs with island living.  Orkney has no local fish market; the nearest one is located on the mainland at Scrabster in Caithness requiring stock to be shipped across the Pentland Firth incurring additional costs and time.

Type of area:
Sea Basins:
Protected areas: 

Orkney has 61 protected areas most of which involve coastline or inland water – the main areas are protecting features such as sea bird colonies, sea bird breeding sites, marine mammals, maritime cliffs, kelp & seaweed, maerl beds, salt marsh, amongst other things.  Examples of these are:

Area

Designation

East Sanday Coast

Special Site of Scientific Interest (SSSI), Ramsar Site, Special Protection Area (SPA)

Hoy

SSSI, Special Area of Conservation (SAC), SPA, National Scenic Area

Marwick Head

SSSI, SPA

Wyre & Rousay Sounds

Nature Conservation MPA

Waulkmill

SSSI

Loch of Harray

SSSI

Loch of Stenness

SSSI, SAC

Mull Head

Local Nature Reserve

Stromness Heaths & Coast

SSSI, SPA

West Westray

SSSI, SPA

Population
21 350
Surface area (km²)
974
Population density
22
Total employment in fisheries
587
Fishing: 
354
Aquaculture: 
120
Processing: 
113
Women employment in fisheries: 
1

FLAG strategy

The Orkney FLAG’s overall aim is to increase and strengthen the vitality and sustainability of the fisheries sector and communities. 

In order to address the challenges identified, the Orkney FLAG aims to:

  • facilitate the diversification and sustainable management of the local fisheries sector;
  • develop new market opportunities and added value for fish products; and
  • support initiatives for diversification in fisheries-based communities;
Objective: 
Adding value, creating jobs, and promoting innovation along the fisheries chain
Priority: 
5
Supporting diversification
5
Enhancing and capitalising on the environmental assets
3
Promoting social wellbeing and cultural heritage
3
Strengthening the role of fisheries communities in local development
4

Funding

Total public budget allocated to the FLAG for 2014-2020: 
619 235
  • EMFF: 
    464 426
  • MS co-financing: 
    154 809
  • Sources of co-funding: 

    National – Scottish Government

  • Multi-funding: 

    Orkney is delivering a joint CLLD LDS between LEADER and EMFF and it is difficult to quantify the level of funding required to deliver the overall strategy.  A range of funding sources will be used to help deliver the strategy, with EMFF being just one of these.   

    These could include:

    • ERDF/ESF
    • EAFRD
    • Highlands and Islands Enterprise
    • Big Lottery Fund
    • Coastal Communities Fund
    • Local Schemes
  • Funds: 
    EAFRD
    ERDF
    Other(s)

Project examples

  • Support enhancement and diversification of fisheries related assets and products.
  • Development of fisheries related local research and data collection to improve understanding and management.
  • Support for skills development, lifelong learning, and bespoke training opportunities.
  • Encourage diversification within fisheries and aquaculture sectors as well as initiatives to create or enhance small scale fisheries.
  • Development of initiatives to identify new markets and enhance supply chain integration.
  • Enhance onshore facilities for the fisheries sector.

Calls for proposals

The Orkney FLAG are intending to meet quarterly and there will be a fast track process for projects seeking less than £10 000.

Deadline dates for applications and FLAG assessment meetings will be published on the FLAG website.

Expertise & cooperation

Orkney is a new FLAG area for 2014-2020 and has only had one meeting to date.  Cooperation is not something that has been discussed at this stage, but may be in the future.

Partnership

Accountable body: 
Orkney Island Council
Members of the partnership: 
  • Highlands & Islands Enterprise – public – Economic and Community Development
  • Orkney Food & Drink Ltd – private company
  • Orkney Sustainable Fisheries – fisheries organisation
  • Orkney Fisheries Association – fisheries organisation
  • Orkney Fishermen's Society – private company
  • Sanday Development Trust –private - Economic/Social Development within Isles Communities
  • Shapinsay Development Trust – private - Economic/Social Development within Isles Communities
  • Visit Scotland – public tourism
  • Island of Hoy Development Trust – private - Economic/Social Development within Isles Communities
Number of individuals/organisations in partnership/general assembly: 
10
% of fisheries actors: 
30%
% of other (non-fisheries) private / NGO sector actors: 
40%
% of environmental actors: 
0%
Number of individuals on main decision-making body/board: 
10
% of public actors: 
30%
Number of contracted staff in FLAG: 
0,50

Map

FLAG Contacts

Orkney Island Council
 
School Place
Kirkwall
KW15 1NY Orkney
United Kingdom
FLAG Manager:
Ms. Alison Barclay
Phone:
+44 1856 873535
Languages:
  • English (Mother tongue)
  • French (Basic)
Publication date: 
27/12/2016
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