The following country factsheets provide an overview of each country’s challenges, priorities and budget allocated to Community-Led Local Development (CLLD) supported by the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).
In order to increase employment and territorial cohesion in fisheries-dependent areas, the six Latvian FLAGs aim to add value and promote innovation at all stages of the fisheries and aquaculture products supply chain; support diversification; enhance and capitalise on environmental assets, including activities to mitigate climate change; and promote fisheries or maritime cultural heritage.
Lithuania has a relatively short coastline of sandy beaches on the Baltic Sea. The 12 Lithuanian FLAGs aim to diversify the economy of certain fisheries communities, while taking advantage of the natural and cultural heritage.
While sea fisheries in Poland suffer from decreasing fish stocks in the main catching area (the Baltic Sea), inland aquaculture still has significant potential for growth (mainly carp). In Poland, the focus of the 36 FLAGs is more on the fisheries sector and job creation, than on the development of coastal areas in general.
Portugal has 15 FLAGs, 12 of them in coastal areas of continental Portugal and three on the Azores archipelago, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. The main challenges that CLLD addresses are low educational level of fishermen; decreased attractiveness of fisheries for young people; declining competitiveness of the fishing industry; and conflicting demands in the coastal areas.
Romanian fishing activities mostly take place in lakes and ponds, rivers and marine waters from the Black Sea. The 22 Romanian FLAGs promote economic diversification and new forms of income that can help revitalise their communities.
Slovenia has a coastline of only 46km along the northern Adriatic, between Italy and Croatia in the Gulf of Trieste. The 4 Slovenian FLAGs aim to strengthen connections between fishermen and other sectors in the community, as well as with the scientific community; increase the visibility of freshwater aquaculture and its integration among other sectors (e.g. tourism, culture, catering).
Spain is home to the biggest fishing industry in Europe and has a long tradition of maritime activities such as fishing and aquaculture, but also fish processing, tourism and marine sports. The 41 Spanish FLAGs aim to tackle the issues of unemployment and aging populations in the fisheries sector; environmental issues; and reconciling the presence of other, growing economic sectors with fisheries.
The key goals that CLLD has to pursue in Sweden’s fisheries areas are increasing the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises; protecting the environment (especially the Baltic Sea) and promoting the sustainable use of resources; and also promoting employment and diversification of fishermen and fisheries actors.
Objectives of CLLD in the UK include stimulating coastal economies to deliver growth and addressing the decline of traditional fishing industries; retaining skills whilst at the same time addressing an aging fishing workforce and lack of new entrants to the industry.