Slovenia has a coastline of only 46km along the northern Adriatic, between Italy and Croatia in the Gulf of Trieste. The fisheries areas suffer from old small-scale coastal fishing vessels that have out-of-date fishing equipment; low educational level of fishermen and low incomes; the need to strengthen connections between fishermen and other sectors in the community, as well as with the scientific and the research community; and reduced visibility of freshwater aquaculture and a lack of cooperation and integration of this sector with other sectors (e.g. tourism, culture, catering). These issues are at the core of the 4 Slovenian FLAGs’ strategies.
Slovenia’s employment in the marine fisheries sector in 2012 was estimated at 107 jobs, corresponding to 63 full-time equivalents (FTEs), down from 77 FTEs in 2008. The scrapping of vessels under the EFF, including the two largest vessels, played a role in this. However, between 2013-2014 there was growth in marine fishing employment of 9%. The value of fish products landed in 2014 was about €1.29 million.
Aquaculture production is growing and has a total market value of about €3.75 million. The number of people employed in sea-based aquaculture and inland water fish farming increased by 8 and 3% respectively between 2013 and 2014.
A two page summary of the Operational Programme including contact details of the Managing Authority is available at the following link.
An overview of Slovenia’s EMFF programme is available at the following link.
Slovenia only had one FLAG with a partnership of 46 members, implementing 20 projects, involving the private fisheries sector in most of them.
Axis 4 made it possible to combine the tradition of commercial sea fishing together with the conservation of natural and maritime cultural heritage in the local area. Through the FLAG partnership, a wide range of local actors (fishermen, marine aquaculture workers, municipalities, scientists, institutions, NGOs and individuals in the field of cultural heritage protection, environmental non-governmental organisations) has been actively involved in initiatives responding to the needs of the local area.
The main challenges that community-led local development must address in Slovenia’s fisheries areas in the coming years are:
To cope with these challenges, the objectives for CLLD in Slovenia for 2014-2020 are:
In the 2014-2020 programming period, CLLD covers the same coastal area of Slovenia and also includes inland areas having aquaculture activities. The total surface area included in EMFF is 4065,6 km2. This is an important change compared to the previous period, where only the coastal area was covered. The total CLLD budget has been increased from €2.8 million to €6.6 million, and due to the increasing number of FLAGs from one to four, the average FLAG budget is expected to be approximately €1.68 million (compared to €2.8 million in 2007-2013).
The 2014-2020 programming period envisages the use of CLLD in three ESI Funds, namely the EAFRD, ERDF and EMFF.
The decision on the use of the different funds lies with each FLAG (which implies they need to comply with the conditions of each chosen fund); in practice, all the four FLAGs use all three funds.
Slovenia’s existing Rural Network will also provide support to CLLD groups using EMFF Funds. Networking at national and local level aims at increased integration and cooperation between producers, the scientific-research community, NGOs in the field of environmental protection and the different managing authorities. The Network’s short-term action plan is to collect and disseminate information and to organise a CLLD event in 2017.
Cooperation is mandatory for all FLAGs and the Managing Authority encourages the FLAGs to envisage cooperation in their strategies, both at the inter-territorial and transnational levels.
FLAGs will set their own cooperation budgets as per their needs, and will initiate cooperation projects.
Since Slovenia had a limited experience in FLAG cooperation under Axis 4 (one LAG in 2007 – 2013 period only), support on partner search and information on cooperation proposals from other CLLD groups will be needed.
In September 2016, a cooperation agreement was signed between the coastal FLAG in Koper and the neighbouring Italian and Croatian FLAGs.
For information on cooperation click here.
|Code||Name||Region||Surface area (km²)||Population||Population density (per km²)||Employment in fisheries*|
|SI202||Soča Valley FLAG||
|SI203||Gorenjska košarica FLAG||1089||162000||100||16|