Fishing has always been an important economic and social activity in Estonia, in both coastal and inland areas. The main challenges that CLLD has to address in Estonia’s fisheries areas are ensuring balanced territorial development of fisheries areas and supporting the restructuring of the small-scale fisheries sector. To address these, the eight Estonian FLAGs mainly focus on increasing the value of local fisheries products – including through small-scale processing and marketing activities; supporting fishermen to diversify their activities; creating or restoring spawning grounds; and social welfare activities.
Although the fisheries sector accounts for just 0.5% of gross domestic product (GDP), fishing has always been an important economic and social activity in Estonia, in both coastal and inland areas. The Estonian fisheries sector includes three main activities: fishing, fish farming and fish processing and marketing. In addition to fishing, the collection of red algae and the production of agar-agar are also important activities in coastal fisheries areas, providing an additional source of income for fisherman in the off-season.
2014 figures show 2 603 FTEs working in fisheries, including 333 in small scale fisheries, 164 in trawling fisheries in the Baltic Sea, 90 in long distance fisheries, 1 971 in processing and 45 in fish farming (species such as rainbow trout, eel and salmon).
An overview of the Estonian EMMF programme is available at the following link.
During the 2007- 2013 programming period, Estonia had eight FLAGs, which attracted a high level of interest from local stakeholders, especially fishermen.
The FLAGs focused on solving community problems, supporting small harbour renovations, diversification, adding value to local fisheries products and marketing, revitalization of coastal villages, improving working conditions for fisherman, and boosting the local economy.
The impact of Axis 4 support, and the involvement and cooperation of local administrations, businesses and fishermen, has been very positive for fisheries communities. It has also helped to establish FLAGs as recognized partners that represent the interests of small scale fisheries at national level.
The main challenges that community-led local development will have to address in Estonia’s fisheries areas in the coming years are:
To cope with these challenges, the objectives for CLLD in Estonia 2014-2020 will mainly focus:
In the period 2014-2020, CLLD in fisheries will ensure continuity for the eight FLAGs. The total budget for CLLD and average budget per FLAG has remained stable.
In the 2007-2013 programming period, the network was managed by the Rural Economy Research Centre. It focused on organising events, collecting, analysing and disseminating knowledge on fisheries area development, and on carrying out promotional activities. The National network was operational until the end of 2015.
Since January 2016, the Fisheries Information Centre took over the work of the National network. Its objectives are:
The MA is currently preparing the national regulations on transnational and inter-territorial cooperation. These will include more specific details concerning activities, partners and delivery system and are expected to be completed by the summer of 2016.
For more information on cooperation in Estonia, click here.
Of the eight FLAG areas in Estonia, two are situated on the islands of Hiiumaa and Saaremaa, four are located along the Baltic coast, and there are two inland FLAGs around the country’s biggest lakes, Vortsjarve and Peipus.
An integrated approach with the other ESI Funds is ensured at the national level, indeed planning and budgeting of all funds are integrated processes and are part of one state budget strategy.
|Code||Name||Region||Surface area (km²)||Population||Population density (per km²)||Employment in fisheries*|
|EE207||Lake Võrtsjärve FLAG||2424||24240||10||296|
|EE208||Lake Peipsi FLAG||3286||32028||10||482|