The North Sardinia FLAG runs for 931 km along the northern coast of the island which features a jagged coastline, small and sandy or rocky coves and only a few long stretches of beach. The north-eastern part of Sardinia is mostly mountainous with typical granite areas found in the Gallura region.
The area of South Western Sardinia is characterised by a jagged coastline and long sandy shores; the area has many natural protected areas, such as the Carloforte and Sant’Antioco Isles. Inland the area has a strong cultural identity and heritage characterised by a longstanding mining industry
Tourism is one of the main economic activities in the area including spa and beach tourism, underwater archaeology and fisheries-related tourism (itti-tourism and pesca-tourism). The fishing fleet consists of 306 small-scale fishing boats, of which many are below 12m in length.
The FLAG area is situated in the western part of Sicily and the region’s economy is largely dependent on the sea. Fishing and canning are the two main local industries and fishers typically catch tuna using the ‘mattanza’ technique.
Geologically, the FLAG area falls in Campi Flegrei caldera, a volcanic area northwest of Naples, where both active and extinct craters exist. This area is also part of a regional park. Fish farms are present along the coast line.