Internal Ref. No.: 00010

General data

Internal Ref. No. 00010         
Additive name Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines
Synonym name(s)  
E No. E 120 INS No.
Group No  
Component of the group
   

Note: The data shown on this screen may change during the application process.

Authorisation of the use of this additive in Food Additives

The additive is authorised to be used in the following category(ies):

Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 125 mg/kg , only red marbled products
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 200 mg/kg , only preserves of red fruit
Footnotes 34 Maximum individually or for the combination of E 120, E 122, E 129, E 131 and E 133
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , except crème de pruneaux
Footnotes 31 Maximum individually or in combination with E 120, E 142, E 160d and E 161b
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 200 mg/kg , only fruit flavoured breakfast cereals
Footnotes 53 E 120, E 162 and E 163 may be added individually or in combination
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 125 mg/kg , only red marbled cheese and red pesto cheese
Footnotes 83 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 3,2 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22(1)(g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/l , only americano, bitter vino
Footnotes 26 In americano E 100, E 101, E 102, E 104, E 120, E 122, E 123, E 124 are authorised individually or in combination
  27 In bitter vino E 100, E 101, E 102, E 104, E 110, E 120, E 122, E 123, E 124, E 129 are authorised individually or in combination
  87 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22(1)(g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/l , only bitter soda
Footnotes 28 In bitter soda E 100, E 101, E 102, E 104, E 110, E 120, E 122, E 123, E 124, E 129 are authorised individually or in combination
  87 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22(1)(g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , only breakfast sausages with a minimum cereal content of 6 %, burger meat with a minimum vegetable and/or cereal content of 4 % mixed within the meat (in these products, the meat is minced in such a way so that the muscle and fat tissue are completely dispersed, so that fibre makes an emulsion with the fat, giving those products their typical appearance), merguez type products, salsicha fresca, mici, butifarra fresca, longaniza fresca, chorizo fresco, cevapcici and pljeskavice
Restrictions and Specifications  
Footnotes 66 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22 (1) (g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , only flavoured processed cheese
Footnotes 33 Maximum individually or for the combination of E 100, E 102, E 120, E 122, E 160e and E 161b
  66 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22 (1) (g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , only sausages, patés and terrines
Footnotes 66 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22 (1) (g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) quantum satis , only edible external coating of pasturmas
Footnotes 78 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 10 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22 (1) (g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , Only seaweed based fish roe analogues
  ML = 200 mg/kg , Only preserves of red fruit
Footnotes 34 Maximum individually or for the combination of E 120, E 122, E 129, E 131 and E 133
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , except chestnut puree
Footnotes 31 Maximum individually or in combination with E 120, E 142, E 160d and E 161b
  66 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22 (1) (g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , only fish paste and crustacean paste
  ML = 100 mg/kg , only smoked fish
  ML = 250 mg/kg , only precooked crustacean
Footnotes 35 Maximum individually or for the combination of E 100, E 102, E 120, E 122, E 142, E 151, E 160e, E 161b
  36 Maximum individually or for the combination of E 100, 102, E 120, E 122, E 129, E 142, E 151, E 160e, E 161b
  37 Maximum individually or for the combination of E 100, E 102, E 120, E 151, E 160e
  85 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 2 mg/kg only in fish paste. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22(1)(g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 50 mg/kg , Group III Colours with combined maximum limit (Part E of Annexx II to Regulation No 1333/2008)
Footnotes 88 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 3 mg/kg only in liquid heat-treated products. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22(1)(g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013
Individual restriction(s) / exception(s) ML = 100 mg/kg , only sausages
  quantum satis , only pasturmas
  ML = 50 mg/kg , only the following traditional salted pork offal and beef specialties: groin de porc à la créole, queue de porc à la créole, pied de porc à la créole and paleron de bœuf à la créole. These products are consumed after desalting and cooking.’
  ML = 200 mg/kg , only chorizo sausage/salchichon
Footnotes 66 Maximum limit for aluminium coming from aluminium lakes of E 120 cochineal, carminic acid, carmines 1,5 mg/kg. No other aluminium lakes may be used. For the purposes of Article 22 (1) (g) of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 that limit shall apply from 1 February 2013

Applications for authorisation

  Application reference no. Categories Application date AAP decision Application status Legislation
» Regulation 2018/1497 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Food supplements supplied in a solid form, excluding food supplements for infants and young children. The maximum levels of use indicated for colours, polyols, sweeteners, and E 200-213, E 338-452, E 405, E 416, E 426, E 432-436, E 459, E 468, E 473-475, E 491-495, E 551-553, E 901-904, E 961, E 1201-1204, E 1505 and E 1521 refer to the food supplements ready for consumption prepared following the instructions of use provided by the manufacturer. The dilution factor for those food supplements that have to be diluted or dissolved has to be communicated together with the instructions of use.’ (17.1)
  • Food supplements supplied in a syrup-type or chewable form (17.3)
09/10/2018 procedure completed click here
» 2017/12
  • Non-heat-treated processed meat (8.3.1)
23/06/2017 positive (23/06/2017) procedure completed click here
» Correcting Database (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Other confectionery including breath refreshening microsweets (5.2)
27/09/2016 procedure completed click here
» 2015/20   10/07/2015 procedure stopped  
» 2015/21   22/05/2015 EFSA opinion adopted  
» Revision of Regulation No. 380/2012 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Flavoured drinks (14.1.4)
27/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Correction inline with Regulation No. 2015/647 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Aromatised wines (14.2.7.1)
25/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Correction inline with Regulation No. 2015/647 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Aromatised wine-based drinks (14.2.7.2)
25/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Revision of Regulation No. 380/2012 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Sauces (12.6)
17/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Database correction (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Chewing gum (5.3)
  • Seasonings and condiments (12.2.2)
  • Fruit wine and made wine (14.2.4)
  • ...
16/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Revision of Regulation No. 380/2012 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Fine bakery wares (7.2)
16/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Database correction (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Decorations, coatings and fillings, except fruit-based fillings covered by category 4.2.4 (5.4)
  • Seasonings and condiments (12.2.2)
  • Fruit wine and made wine (14.2.4)
  • ...
16/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» Revision of Regulation No. 380/2012 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Other confectionery including breath refreshening microsweets (5.2)
05/02/2015 procedure completed click here
» 2013/12
  • Dietary foods for special medical purposes defined in Directive 1999/21/EC (excluding products from food category 13.1.5) (13.2)
30/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 2013/12
  • Processed fish and fisheries products including molluscs and crustaceans (9.2)
30/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 004/2015
  • Fruit and vegetable preparations excluding compote (4.2.4.1)
  • Jam, jellies and marmalades and sweetened chestnut puree as defined by Directive 2001/113/EC (4.2.5.2)
19/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 003/2015
  • Processed cheese (1.7.5)
  • Non-heat-treated processed meat (8.3.1)
  • Heat-treated processed meat (8.3.2)
  • ...
19/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 2011/17 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Other alcoholic drinks including mixtures of alcoholic drinks with non-alcoholic drinks and spirits with less than 15 % of alcohol (14.2.8)
18/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 002/2015
  • Meat preparations as defined by Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 (8.2)
15/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 001/2015
  • Ripened cheese (1.7.2)
09/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» Revision of Regulation No. 380/2012 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Flavoured fermented milk products including heat-treated products (1.4)
  • Edible cheese rind (1.7.3)
  • Other confectionery including breath refreshening microsweets (5.2)
  • ...
07/01/2015 procedure completed click here
» 2013/12 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Processed fish and fisheries products including molluscs and crustaceans (9.2)
  • Fish roe (9.3)
  • Spirit drinks as defined in Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 (14.2.6)
  • ...
31/10/2013 positive (30/11/2013) procedure completed click here
» 2013/12
  • Meat preparations as defined by Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 (8.2)
  • Processed fish and fisheries products including molluscs and crustaceans (9.2)
  • Aromatised wines (14.2.7.1)
  • ...
31/10/2013 positive (30/11/2013) procedure completed click here
» 2013/12   01/06/2013 application received  
» 2013/12b (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Dietary foods for special medical purposes defined in Directive 1999/21/EC (excluding products from food category 13.1.5) (13.2)
01/06/2013 positive (16/07/2014) procedure completed click here
» No reference no.   16/05/2013 procedure stopped  
» 2013/06
  • Ripened cheese (1.7.2)
03/04/2013 positive (05/05/2013) procedure completed click here
» 2011/17 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Other alcoholic drinks including mixtures of alcoholic drinks with non-alcoholic drinks and spirits with less than 15 % of alcohol (14.2.8)
08/02/2011 procedure completed click here
» 2011/17 (Internal Ref. No.: 00003)
  • Fruit wine and made wine (14.2.4)
08/02/2011 procedure completed click here
» No reference no.
  • Fruit and vegetable preparations excluding compote (4.2.4.1)
16/02/2010 procedure completed click here