Tunisia’s Human Development Index value for 2016 is 0.721 positioning it at 96 out of 188 countries and territories.
Tunisia is located at the crossroads of Europe, the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. This position lead to numerous waves of migrations and a big influence of neighboring countries, (namely Libya and Algeria). Despite the economic crisis, Tunisia was the only country of the Arab Spring that established a peaceful transition of power.
The main challenges of the country are:
• Reducing inequalities and improving access to basic social services: in connection with the economic crisis and unemployment, a growing number of vulnerable groups (especially younger people and women) is likely to fall into poverty with imitated access to basic social services;
• The response to the humanitarian crisis caused by the Libyan conflict: the Libyan crisis poses additional challenges to stability and development in Tunisia. In 2011 there has been a massive arrivals of refugees in Tunisia from the Libyan border. The refugees flow decreased during the following years for a number of reasons (among the others the closure of the Libyan-Tunisian border). Tunisia still lack and is finalizing a national asylum law. In 2015 here was a significant drop in the number of refugees and asylum-seekers, from approximately 1,100 at the beginning of 2015 to 760 at year end, as most pending asylum applications were processed and Syrians moved onward to Europe. The situation in Libya remained a potential source of arrivals, both by land and sea. In 2015, some 940 individuals travelling in seven boats were rescued at sea; among them were 150 asylum-seekers.
• Preparedness and management of natural disasters capacity
The current situation on Libyan border and some events occurred in the recent years (avian flu or H1N1 outbreaks, locusts pilgrims flood 2003) revealed a new challenge for the country: strengthening disaster management capacity, including preparedness and recovery.
In December 2010, protests against the Ben Ali regime escalated when a street vendor, Mohamed Bouazizi, set himself on fire after being humiliated by a government official. Demonstrations grew in size, spread to the capital, Tunis, and on January 14 Ben Ali fled the country for Saudi Arabia. Since Ben Ali's departure an interim government has ruled. Protests have continued intermittently since.
As in any transitions, insecurity and violence remain a latent problem in some urban centers and inside of the country, the pressing demands of economic and social improvement which also fueled the revolution have gained importance in the public debate and triggered an avalanche of claims in all sectors of society. It must be added an increase in crime.
Finally, Tunisia faces a jihadist threat that arises as much from its own national territory as from neighboring Libya. Terrorism represent a serious security challenge. The security situation remained unstable.
The volunteer will be hosted by GVC Tunisia, responsible of coordination and implementation of activities at national level. GVC Tunisia is active since 2011 both in humanitarian and development actions responding to the refugees and migration crises and supporting local communities in rural areas. Young people and women are the main target of the GVC Tunisia ongoing projects improving their resilience capacity and their participation in economic, social and political life.
The volunteer will also work in direct coordination with local implementing partners aiming to building local community resilience to disasters.
We uphold the Humanitarian Principles: humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independency.
We affirmatively engage the most vulnerable communities.
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