The project seeks to strengthen the capacities of territorial and environmental (DDHTA) human rights defenders in order to respond adequately to situations of risk, criminalization of their actions in defense of their human rights, territory and environment and develop proposals at the level social, legal and political level with respect to their demands. It also seeks the generation of alliances and networking at local, regional, national and international level to achieve joint response actions to similar problems. Lastly, the project seeks to provide legal advice to the DDHTA and its organizations for the protection of their rights at the national and international levels. APRODEH has started this project a year ago to pay more attention to demands of social organizations that defend their rights to land, territory, prior consultation, culture and the environment. This has allowed us to assume the legal defense of diverse communities struggling to access not only their rights to their territory and to a healthy environment but also their cultural rights. On the other hand, the project has been working towards building and strengthening local organizations and their national networks, allowing an international exchange. The elaboration of political and social proposals are still in process.
Expected results / objectives:
Result 1: Strengthening capacities: DDHTA, communities and local organizations with the capacity to identify, register, analyze and respond correctly to situations of risk, pressure, violations of human rights (HR), criminalization related to their work of territorial defense and environmental, in its individual, collective and territorial dimensions, with tools and social, political, legal, organizational mechanisms of protection and self-protection. DDHTA = Defenders of human, territorial and environmental rights
Result 2: Articulation and networking: National and international networks and spaces for defense, DDHTA protection, solidarity and denunciation, respond in an agile, timely and effective manner in cases of violation of rights and criminalization of HRDs in Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia
Result 3: Local, national and international transformative impact: visible the main common threats to DDHTA in the Andean countries of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia and advance advocacy so that there is an effective implementation of protective measures tools, affirmative policies for the work of the DDHTA, and the exercise of freedom of expression and association in general generating a favorable environment, through lobbying work at the local, national and international level.
Operational details & security context
The Ayacucho region is an area with high mining potential and with ecological zones suitable for diversified agricultural production, according to its location. As of 2015, mining consents accounted for 28% of its territory, located in all its provinces. These concessions have been made without consultation to its inhabitants, which has also increased social conflicts on the subject as reported by the Ombudsman, but also to the damage that this investment generates. Although organic production in Ayacucho is still small (5,556 hectares), it is basically concentrated in quinoa, which has international certification; there are more than 20,800 hectares that are still in transition. In Ayacucho violence arose in l980 and also the one that has the highest level of affectation as reported by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Unfortunately, its consequences are still evident today in domestic violence, violence against women, high alcohol consumption among young people and a culture of mistrust. However, the relatives of the victims of the disappeared and extrajudicially executed have also carried out a long struggle, not only for their families but also of national scope, constituting themselves as national references. It is one of the largest number of Quechua speakers in Peru, although most also speak Spanish. Huamanga is a medium-sized city with connections to all the provinces where it can be reached easily, which is ideal for weekend trips. The valley of the Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro rivers, known as VRAEM, where there are some remnants of violence and drug trafficking, is far from the scope of our work with which we have no relationship, nor for which we do not need to travel. It does not represent a danger for our work or in the rest of the region, an example of this is the fact that Huamanga receives tourism permanently. For this reason, our work areas are considered safe for our institutional team and that of our volunteers. Huamanga and Huanta are quiet cities in general but like every medium city has areas that it is preferable to avoid in the day as in the night. Volunteers will be trained on general and local safety measures in order to prevent them from possible risks and take safety measures to reduce them.