APRODEH has developed a long relationship with victims of political violence accompanying their complaints of human rights violations from legal defense, political and social advocacy to achieve progress in the search for justice, truth, reparation and memory. In this process, several achievements have been obtained in quite long periods, especially in the search for justice.
On the initiative of the community of Llinqui (Toraya), their memories of the internal armed conflict are linked to their needs for productive development. APRODEH supports its initiative with productive technical training and strengthening of its social capacities. This work has had difficulties but above all achievements for this community that has also impacted other communities in the district. This has allowed today to implement a public district development policy based on a consultation on their proposals and agroproductive expectations of each community; their ventures have been made visible, valuing their reconstruction and resilience efforts based on their cultural traditions, among others. Currently, their cultural identity has been positively strengthened, strengthening their productive and social capacities from agroecology, which is tied with their ancestral knowledge and Andean culture. The positive experience of Toraya has been replicated in the Populated Center of Culluchaca (Huanta) Ayacucho since a year ago, whose victims APRODEH has been supporting with the legal defense and restitution of the remains of their loved ones identified. We can mention that the work is still in an initial moment. The first year has been achieved to gain confidence with the population, also a baseline and participatory definition of implementation priorities in communal plots. It has also established a relationship with the secondary school and supported several of its main needs to improve its production and expand its crops considering that they have little access to water and the child population suffers from anemia. Partnerships have been established with state and civil society institutions that have a local presence.
Expected results for agroecological production field
R1.1. Producers of the communities of Toraya and Culluchaca strengthened in their agro-ecological capacities for the cultivation of quinoa, native potatoes, white corn, cultivated pastures, vegetables, medicinal plants and raising guinea pigs.
R1.2. Producers of the communities of Toraya and Culluchaca have access to wider and more profitable markets.
Expected results for social field
R2.1. Strengthened community organizations and the participation of community leaders in local spaces of their districts.
R2.2. Authorities of Toraya and Culluchaca execute public policy proposal on community development based on participation, communal strengthening and their memories of the period of political violence; and other local authorities in the provinces of Aymaraes and Huanta replicate it or take their jurisdictions as references.
Operational details & security context
The Ayacucho region is an area with high mining potential and with ecological zones suitable for diversified agricultural production, according to its location. As of 2015, mining consents accounted for 28% of its territory, located in all its provinces. These consessions have been made without consultation to its inhabitants, which has also increased social conflicts on the subject as reported by the Ombudsman, but also to the damage that this investment generates. Although organic production in Ayacucho is still small (5,556 hectares), it is basically concentrated in quinoa, which has international certification; there are more than 20,800 hectares that are still in transition. In Ayacucho violence arose in l980 and also the one that has the highest level of affectation as reported by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Unfortunately, its consequences are still evident today in domestic violence, violence against women, high alcohol consumption among young people and a culture of mistrust. However, the relatives of the victims of the disappeared and extrajudicially executed have also carried out a long struggle, not only for their families but also of national scope, constituting themselves as national references. It is one of the largest number of Quechua speakers in Peru, although most also speak Spanish. Huamanga is a medium-sized city with connections to all the provinces where it can be reached easily, which is ideal for weekend trips. The valley of the Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro rivers, known as VRAEM, where there are some remnants violence and drug trafficking, is far from the scope of our work with which we have no relationship, nor for which we do not need to travel. It does not represent a danger for our work or in the rest of the region, an example of this is that Huamanga receives tourism permanently. For this reason, our work areas are considered safe for our institutional team and that of our volunteers. Huamanga and Huanta are quiet cities in general but like every medium city has areas that it is preferable to avoid in the day as in the night. Volunteers will be trained on general and local safety measures in order to prevent them from possible risks and take safety measures to reduce them.