APRODEH has developed a long relationship with victims of political violence accompanying their complaints of human rights violations from legal defense, political and social advocacy to achieve progress in the search for justice, truth, reparation and memory. In this process, several achievements have been obtained in quite long periods, especially in the search for justice.
On the initiative of the community of Llinqui (Toraya), their memories of the internal armed conflict are linked to their needs for productive development. APRODEH supports its initiative with productive technical training and strengthening of its social capacities. This work has had difficulties but above all achievements for this community that has also impacted other communities in the district. This has allowed today to implement a public district development policy based on a consultation on their proposals and agroproductive expectations of each community; their ventures have been made visible, valuing their reconstruction and resilience efforts based on their cultural traditions, among others. Currently, their cultural identity has been positively strengthened, together with their productive and social capacities from agroecology, which is tied with their ancestral knowledge and Andean culture. The positive experience of Toraya has been replicated in the Populated Center of Culluchaca (Huanta) Ayacucho since a year ago, whose victims APRODEH has been supporting with the legal defense and restitution of the remains of their loved ones identified. We can mention that the work is still in an initial moment. The first year has been achieved to gain confidence with the population, also a baseline and participatory definition of implementation priorities in communal plots. It has also established a relationship with the secondary school and supported several of its main needs to improve its production and expand its crops considering that they have little access to water and the child population suffers from anemia. Partnerships have been established with state and civil society institutions that have a local presence.
Expected results for agroecological production field
R1.1. Producers of the communities of Toraya and Culluchaca strengthened in their agro-ecological capacities for the cultivation of quinoa, native potatoes, white corn, cultivated pastures, vegetables, medicinal plants and raising guinea pigs.
R1.2. Producers of the communities of Toraya and Culluchaca have access to wider and more profitable markets.
Expected results for social field
R2.1. Strengthened community organizations and the participation of community leaders in local spaces of their districts.
R2.2. Authorities of Toraya and Culluchaca execute public policy proposal on community development based on participation, communal strengthening and their memories of the period of political violence; and other local authorities in the provinces of Aymaraes and Huanta replicate it or take their jurisdictions as references.
Operational details & security context
Apurimac is the region where there are the largest number of Quechua speakers in Peru, but many also speak Spanish. It is currently the region in which a pilot experience is implemented from the Ministry of Culture for the elaboration of the regulation of the Law of Languages at national level. It is an area with high mining potential and biodiverse at the level of agricultural production. Currently, 80% of its territory has been granted without having received an opinion from its inhabitants. The largest mining investment project is in this region, in the province of Cotabambas. This situation has generated social conflicts due to the high expectations of generated benefits, but also to the damages generated by this investment. In Abancay, the capital of the region, there is a majority tendency to support mining, without further observation of the demands of the producers or farmers who have affected their territory. It is a small, commercial city with few spaces for cultural activities. It has a temperate climate and a lot of fruit production. It has a very beautiful landscape, archaeological sites and canyons to do boating less than an hour and a half from this city. It is 3 hours and a half from Cusco, which is ideal for weekend trips or long weekends in the south of the country since the connection of Cusco with Puno and Arequipa is very easy. It is usually a quiet city, although recently there have been reports of robberies in the most touristic areas. Volunteers will be trained on general and local safety measures in order to prevent them from possible risks and take safety measures to reduce them.