Operational details & security context
Bolivia is a Latin America country rich in cultural diversity and natural resources, composed by 36 indigenous groups making up two thirds of Bolivia’s population of 10 million. Despite a slight reduction in inequality in recent years, Bolivia remains one of the poorest countries in Latin America. Malnutrition aﬀects 18 percent of Bolivian children under 5 years, with signiﬁcant variations between urban and rural areas, where the prevalence of chronic malnutrition reaches 25 percent. Over 10 percent of the population is highly vulnerable to food insecurity, the main causes of which are low income, diﬃcult access to clean water and basic services, and climate change ( http://www1.wfp.org/countries/bolivia-plurinational-state).
The majority of Bolivians relies on the agriculture sector for their livelihoods; however about 85 percent of farmers can only produce at subsistence levels and 40 percent of the population is not able to earn enough money to meet their basic food needs. The eﬀects of climate change in recent years have made the rural population, more vulnerable than ever. Like other Andean countries, Bolivia is prone to recurrent natural disasters, including ﬂooding and drought, due to the El Niño and La Niña climate patterns. These disasters impact hardest on the poor, causing widespread damage and leading to reduced access to water and increasing food prices. Heavy seasonal rainfalls that started in January 2014 caused ﬂoods, overﬂowing of rivers and landslides in several departments of Bolivia.
Particularly the Beni and Mamoré watersheds were aﬀected and there is a high probability that similar or heavier impacts will hit this area in the future. As a result of needs assessments performed during the 2014 emergencies several causes that hindered preparedness for heavy ﬂoods were identiﬁed; among most important causes were the lack of resilience of communities in this speciﬁc area, coordination of humanitarian actors and lack of eﬀective management and dissemination of crucial information for adequate preparation and response.
Bolivia is a relatively safe country with regard to criminality and public order. Democracy is consolidated since 1982 although in the years 2003-2005 have experienced strong social tensions. The streets infrastructure is poorly developed, only the roads that link the capitals of the Departments are paved. Traﬃc accidents are frequent due to poor conditions of the pavement, the imprudence of drivers and the high average years in use of public transport infrastructure.
The EU Aid Volunteer will be hosted by WEWORLD-GVC Bolivia, responsible of coordination and implementation of activities at national level. The EU Aid Volunteer will also work in direct coordination with local implementing partners aiming to building local community resilience to disasters.
We uphold the Humanitarian Principles: humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independency.
We affirmatively engage the most vulnerable communities.
More information is available here: