GVC (Italy), Alianza por la Solidaridad (Spain) and Acción contra el Hambre (Spain) are international non-governmental organizations having joined their expertise in management of humanitarian action worldwide and now implement the “EU Aid Volunteers strengthening the resilience and response capacity of vulnerable and disaster-affected communities in Middle East, Africa, Southern and Central America” project. The objective is adding value to Commission’s European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations Department and other Humanitarian Operations with the support of 33 trained EU Aid Volunteers working within 19 hosting organizations in 12 Countries. 17 senior (more than 5 years of professional experience) and 16 junior (less than 5 years of professional experience) EU Aid Volunteers will be deployed in 12 countries (Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Guatemala, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Palestine, Peru, Tunisia). The project aims also at building the capacities of local organizations in hosting volunteers, preventing emergencies and being prepared in case of disaster. Moreover, Europeans and locals will work together to strengthen the resilience capacity of vulnerable communities in least developed and fragile countries. More info about this project available here:
https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/echo/eu-aid-volunteers_en/eu-aid-volunteers... For the present vacancy, Alianza por la Solidaridad will act as sending organisation and Alianza por la Solidaridad Palestine will be the hosting organisation. None of them are faith-based organisations. Alianza por la Solidaridad has been working for more than 20 years in Palestine. Since 2005 Alianza began to build a strategy to specialize in Gender and Gender Based Violence sectors. Nowadays, Alianza Palestina has specialized and has a consolidated work in promoting women's rights and more specifically in VdG work, empowerment of women and economic rights. Alianza actively participates in coordination spaces (Clusters, Working Groups and Coalitions, specifically dedicated to the theme gender, work on Gender-based Violence -GBV- and promoting the rights of women together). The area of intervention is in Gaza, West Bank and East Jerusalem, working together with national stable partners in a sustained manner. Our main partners are: UHWC (Union Health Work Commitees), PCC (The Palestinian Counseling Center), AISHA (Association for Woman and Child Protection), WATC (Women’s Affairs Technical Committee), CFTA (The Culture and Free Thought Association). The intervention is currently being implemented through various projects funded by several international donors such as AECID (Spanish Cooperation Agency), OCHA, Generalitat Valenciana, AACID (Andalousian Cooperation Agency), etc. The main projects that Alianza por la Solidaridad will be implemented during the EU Aid Volunteers’ deployment period in cooperation with some national partners, will apply these strategies: - Adequate multi-sectorial mechanisms: prevention and provision of SGBV services in different areas: through clinics, mobile clinics and community protection approaches. - Economic empowerment for women: employability and income generation in non-traditional sectors for women. - Mobilization and awareness raising - Capacity Building for women, services providers and community-based organisations (CBOs) - Advocacy for the implementation of laws, policies and public services related to GBV and the promotion of gender equality. - Learning sessions and knowledge sharing Operational details & security context
The Occupied Palestinian Territories (oPt) currently consists of 2 different geographical regions: West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and Gaza Strip. Both Regions are separated and isolated among them. The administrative division has 16 districts (11 in the West Bank and 5 in Gaza) and 105 Municipalities (89 in the West Bank and 16 in Gaza). The entire oPt has a population of 4,816,503 inhabitants (according to the estimate of the Census of the Central Bureau of Statistics of Palestine, PCBS of December 2016), of which 2,369,719 are women (49.2%) %) and 2,446,784 (50.8%) are men. There are 2,935,368 people in the West Bank and 1,881,135 in Gaza. 27.6% of the population of the West Bank is registered as a refuge by the UNRWA (United Nations Agency for Refugees in Palestine in the Middle East), although 73.5% do not live in refugee camps.
The situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories is classified as a protracted protection crisis as a result of the occupation policies by israel and the intra-Palestinian divide. The situation is characterized by an asymmetry of power between the powers and discrimination practicies towards the Palestinian civilian population. In particular, the situation in the Gaza strip (17% of the territory) is especially delicate: the blockade, movement and access restrictions, socio-economic deterioration, lack of access to basic services, regular airstrikes and on certain occasions the indiscriminate targeting of civilians. Access to Area C in the West Bank (61% of West Bank) is practically prohibited to Palestinians, controlled de facto by the Israeli jurisdiction. Most of the communities in Area C live in a coercive environment and are at risk of forced displacement; suffer acts of violence by settlers, properties are subject to demolition orders, limited movement and livelihood opportunities.
Palestinian women suffer multiple layers of violence and discrimination and face oppressive conditions on two fronts: living under Israeli occupation and live in a society governed by patriarchal norms. This leads to a generalized concept of gender inferiority that develops from early stages of life and consolidates social constructs and stereotypes that perpetuate the cycle of violence, both in the public life sphere and influencing decision-making in private life; ultimately limiting the exercise of women´s rights. GbV is a socio-culturally rooted problem that is exacerbated in the territories by the protracted conflict, its impact on community/family cohesion and the difficulty to access services in the target communities covered by Alianza´s intervention.
The security context is complex in Palestine; the Israeli/Palestinian conflict together with internal tensions between Palestinian political factions to control the overarching PNA has a remarkable impact on the operational mobility of staff. The most complex situation is in Gaza, where volunteers will not have duties.
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict over recognition of mutual statehood and the internal Palestinian tensions to control PNA has a remarkable impact on the operational mobility of staff. In addition, the levels of belligerency with neighboring countries add complicated environments difficult to manage without proper coordination and liaison with security agencies in the field. For instance, the construction of the wall around the West Bank separating different entities and the current amount of checkpoints provokes difficulties to access to site project areas; each checkpoint has a potential of access incident with soldiers and private security agents turning into security incidents, arrest and detention. Similarly, undergoing IDF incursions and Police operations to prevent attacks to Israeli settlements may expose the staff to additional risks in the event that the convoy is attacked by militants. In the same way, accessing to zones A, B and C of West Bank may pose additional threats like being attacked with stones or gunfire when entering into Israeli settlements. In Jerusalem city the security situation remains apparently calm however, Alianza recommends avoiding public transport spots, leisure centers and holy sites in the old city during bank holidays5. Again, IDF incursions and Police operations are constantly ongoing in and around East Jerusalem it is recommendable to be aware of convoys and undercover motorbikes and cars with Israeli security forces. Living in large cities of WB i.e. Ramallah and Jerusalem have the potential of demonstrations and unpredicted rallies supporting Palestinian militants so it is highly recommended to avoid them when driving by pulling out of the road and look for alternative routes. Gaza Strip is prohibited for EU AID volunteers to operate and/or visit.
In Jerusalem, where volunteers go to office and live, certain basic security considerations have to be considered: avoid areas of ongoing demonstrations or clashes between Palestinians and IDF or IPF, not participate on demonstrations of any nature, avoid non-familiar areas when walking alone, etc. Alianza por la Solidaridad has a Country Security Plan which must be respected by volunteers and staff in order to minimize security incidents. The rules and protocols to be followed are mainly related to mobility and displacement, documentation, registration in the pertinent Embassy or consulate, and other practicalities of daily life such as avoidance of political gatherings and demonstrations, avoidance or minimize visits to hots spots, carrying a mobile phone and report the localization when traveling, checking security updates/UNDSS messages regularly.