The project “
EU Aid Volunteers increasing protection capacities of local communities and organisations in humanitarian contexts” led by Alianza por la Solidaridad aims at contributing the involvement of EU Capacity to provide protection in contexts with specific vulnerabilities, through the involvement of 57 EU Aid Volunteers (43 deployed plus 14 online) in 13 countries of 4 different geographic areas .
Alianza por la Solidaridad is the sending organisation and Alianza por la Solidaridad Jordan is the hosting organisation. None of them are faith-based organisations.
Operational details & security context
Jordan started a comprehensive political reform process a decade ago. For the first time, in 2016, the Election Law adopted the concept of proportional representation at the national level to pave the way for the emergence of political blocs and coalitions. This will help consolidating partisan work and spreading democratic culture. Despite Jordanian women’s conditions have improved significantly in the political, economic, and social areas in recent decades (e.g.abolition of the article 308 of the Jordanian Criminal Code that allowed a sexual criminal to avoid punishment by marrying his victim), the law, discriminatory policies and perceptions against women exist and important inequalities remain between communities and geographic areas. Traditional attitudes and inequities limit women’s participation in civil society and political life, especially in rural areas.
The population increase (Syrian population in Jordan grew around 3% in 2018) has aggravated structural challenges related to public service delivery, particularly in governorates hosting the largest number of refugees. Municipal services, such as education, health, garbage collection, water, electricity and transportation are overtaxed and strained. The psychosocial support needs of the communities has increased every year since 2011. Differences in culture, religiosity and marriage patterns are also points of friction, the latter particularly among women. Tribal differences boost disagreements in some cases, but tribal structures are often a source of stability. Among the Jordanian population, women face higher levels of unemployment, lower wages and are less protected by social security than men. At risk of increased vulnerability are poor households, female-headed households, VAW/G survivors; children without parental care; working children and persons with disabilities. According to the Jordan Response Plan 2018-2020, domestic violence, child marriage and sexual violence were the main forms of SGBV reported by refugees in 2017. Syrian women and girl’s refugees are facing significant and increasing protection needs as their displacement lengthens, although due to different barriers (social, cultural, financial, unawareness, inaccessibility, etc.). Most of them do not seek help from formal sources and cope silently with violence or with support from untrained friends, family members and neighbors
Instability in the region, particularly in Syria and Iraq, and presence of the Islamic State affect security in Jordan. Social conflict (generally low) fluctuates with events in neighboring countries. Seven years of war in the surrounding region, continued pressures of large refugee populations and economic reform programmes have helped create an atmosphere in which protests often occur. Pacific demonstrations against the rise of prices of primary products are also common. Crime levels are generally low. Most crime is limited to pick pocketing, occasional bag snatching and theft from cars. Reports of cases of sexual assault against foreign women are still low, but there has been an increase in reports in recent years. Therefore, Alianza por la Solidaridad has a solid Security Plan which must be scrupulously respected by volunteers and staff in order to minimize security incidents. The rules and protocols to be followed are mainly related to mobility and displacement, documentation, registration in the pertinent Embassy or consulate, and other practicalities of daily life such as avoidance of political gatherings and demonstrations; avoidance of centres of other towns and cities after Friday midday prayers.