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Employment & Vocational Education and Training

Draws together information to raise awareness and knowledge on the important role of employment, vocational education and training, and social protection in development policy.



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Private sector involvement in VET is an essential ingredient in a VET system. The willingness of a government to share responsibility in all aspects of the VET system development is a pre-condition for the involvement of the private sector.
However, VET is not the private sector’s core business; their involvement must be responsive to their needs and operations, be planned and efficiently organized.

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The overall objective of this manual is to enhance Commission staff's ability to diagnose a country's employment challenges, engage in technical dialogue with counterparts, and promote employment and decent work as part of the EU’s international development efforts. Volume 1 of the manual (this document) seeks to sensitise the reader about the importance of employment and decent work for development and facilitate understanding of key concepts, potential barriers to employment and the range of relevant policy instruments.


Tools and Methods Series

Concept Paper No 6

Version January, 2018


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QUALITY IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (VET) is about VET being fit for purpose, and being governed, delivered, assessed and funded accordingly. The best way to foster Quality in VET is to set standards that need to be followed.

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Inclusive vocational education and training (VET) refers to an education and training system which takes into account the learning and educational support needs of all marginalised and vulnerable young people; street children, girls and women, refugees, ethnic minority groups, youth from economically poor families, children from nomadic and pastoralist families, youth living with HIV/AIDS and children with disabilities.

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This reference document was commissioned by the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DEVCO) Migration, Employment, Inequalities Unit. This document is addressed to EU staff working at Headquarters and in Delegations, and to national partners and donors engaged in promoting reforms in the vocational education and training (VET) and skills development sector. It is based on the past experiences of the European Union (EU) and its member states in providing support for the VET sector to countries cooperating with the European Commission (EC).


Tools and Methods Series, Reference Document No 24

Version March, 2017