Climate Change & Desertification

Environment and ecosystem management are key to ensuring urban and rural development and progress towards the achievement of the SDGs. Poor communities directly depend on natural resources for their livelihood and are the most vulnerable to a degraded environment, natural disasters and are the first to suffer from polluted air, water and soil. Sound natural resource use is at the core of effective strategies to strengthen resilience to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.



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These guidelines define a comprehensive reference framework for integrating the environment and climate change into the different stages of the cycle of operations for EC development cooperation covering the three aid delivery approaches.

Tools and Methods Series, Guidelines N° 4
Version December, 2011

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These guidelines provide a framework for strengthening the contribution of European Union (EU) international cooperation and development policy to sustainable development by integrating, or mainstreaming, environmental and climate change considerations into the different phases of the EU programme and project cycle.


Tools and Methods Series, Guidelines No 6

Version February, 2016