First Programme of Community action in the field of public health (2003-2008)
Prioritization of building materials as indoor pollution sources [BUMA ]
The project aims to thoroughly assess the human exposure to air hazards emitted by building materials commonly used in Europe. The project output is a major step to gain better understanding of the so...
The project aims to thoroughly assess the human exposure to air hazards emitted by building materials commonly used in Europe. The project output is a major step to gain better understanding of the sources hazardous compounds existing in the indoor environment and play a key role in the determination of the well-being and comfortable living of occupants. More specifically, emission factors and exposure levels from building materials emissions most frequently used in Europe will be obtained. This wealth of information would be subsequently used by policy makers, health professionals and building material producers in the enlarged European Union. The general objectives of the project are: (1) To assess existing situation by collecting and reviewing existing indoor emission data from construction products covered by the CPD as well as emissions from other building materials, mostly used in Europe. (2) To conduct laboratory tests to study and prioritize building materials based on their toxic emissions in the ind r environment. (3) To conduct indoor pollution measurements in houses and public buildings. Effort will be made some schools to be included. The above objectives illustrate that the proposed action contains all the requirements needed to build a comprehensive and scientifically sound database that characterizes indoor emissions and toxic levels from building products and materials widely used within the enlarged European Union. The specific objectives of the project include: 1. The collection and review of existing emission factors from construction products covered by the CPD and other building materials used in Europe. The existing database of emitted compounds should be thoroughly analyzed to raise a variety of public health related questions and issues. Emission data will be used not only for a first step prioritization of building materials but also to quantify their emissions and expected exposure over different periods of time. Synergies with relevant research funded activities will be developed as we as sustained co-operation between WHO and the Council of Europe, to avoid overlapping and promote consistency and complementarity of approaches. The outcomes of the project will be exploited in order to recognize gaps in knowledge and existing data. 2. The execution of a large number of laboratory tests needed to characterize individual building material emissions. The test method ECA 18, recommended by the European Collaborative Action to characterize the behaviour of building materials, will be used through the whole experimental set up. The experiments will be carried out on an environmental chamber, offering the opportunity to efficiently study building materials emissions in the indoor environment. The analytical methodologies will run under a Quality System that guaranty the Quality Control of the protocols applied during the whole experimental work. 3. To conduct indoor pollution measurements in private houses and public buildings. 4. The output of the previous tasks will allow the calculation of emi ion factors that will be used to make a prioritisation of building materials used indoor and estimate chemical exposure concentration according to selected scenarios relevant to indoor environments
Start date: 28/03/2006 - End date: 28/03/2009
Call: Health Determinants (Hd 2005)
Topic: Indoor and outdoor air quality