Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious public health threat that is gaining swift ground. The increase of multi-resistant bacteria associated to the lack of new antibiotics represents a threat to global health. Some patients are faced with no therapeutic solutions as some bacteria resist to all antibiotics. Moreover, “old” antibiotics and to some extent more “recent” ones are gradually removed from the market because they are not economically sustainable, albeit being still possibly efficient. The issue of antimicrobial resistance is a real challenge that decision-makers are well aware of and has gained a high priority among public health challenges.
A closely related challenge is the issue of Healthcare Associated Infections that shall not be considered separately. In fact, infection prevention and control strategies should go hand in hand with i) prudent use of antibiotics ii) appropriate tools for monitoring and surveillance and iii) accurate diagnostic tests to decide on the right therapy.
The various national, European and international initiatives that have emerged over the last decade have shown a great commitment to actively tackle these issues.It is essential that all actors in the field of AMR join forces so as to avoid duplication of efforts and ensure greater coherence. Moreover, it is essential that the strategies adopted extend beyond the sole human health domain and bring a global One Health response.
The overall objective of the AMR-HCAI JA is to ensure that policies for control of AMR and HCAI are adopted and implemented across EU MS in a coordinated way, ensuring national specificities are accounted for, in line with the ECDC and WHO guidelines and recommendations, and in conjunction with other European initiatives.This will be made possible by bringing together different networks of policy makers, experts and organizations on AMR and HCAI working in different European and International initiatives and projects relevant for policy decision.